## Details

There are several introductory textbooks available on RF system design. However, engineers in industry encounter far more complex problems than are covered in these books and there is nothing available that, for instance, shows numerically how to understand the effect of nonlinearities on broadband noise. Bill Egan's book describes a range of tools for analyzing actual RF systems and blends theoretical rigor with practical expertise in showing how to optimize the design of real systems.

PREFACE.

GETTING FILES FROM THE WILEY ftp AND INTERNET SITES.

SYMBOLS LIST AND GLOSSARY.

1 INTRODUCTION.

1.1 System Design Process.

1.2 Organization of the Book.

1.3 Appendixes.

1.4 Spreadsheets.

1.5 Test and Simulation.

1.6 Practical Skepticism.

1.7 References.

2 GAINS.

2.1 Simple Cases.

2.2 General Case.

2.3 Simplification: Unilateral Modules.

2.4 Nonstandard Impedances.

2.5 Use of Sensitivities to Find Variations.

2.6 Summary.

Endnotes.

3 NOISE FIGURE.

3.1 Noise Factor and Noise Figure.

3.2 Modules in Cascade.

3.3 Applicable Gains and Noise Factors.

3.4 Noise Figure of an Attenuator.

3.5 Noise Figure of an Interconnect.

3.6 Cascade Noise Figure.

3.7 Expected Value and Variance of Noise Figure.

3.8 Impedance-Dependent Noise Factors.

3.9 Image Noise, Mixers.

3.10 Extreme Mismatch, Voltage Amplifiers.

3.11 Using Noise Figure Sensitivities.

3.12 Mixed Cascade Example.

3.13 Gain Controls.

3.14 Summary.

Endnotes.

4 NONLINEARITY IN THE SIGNAL PATH.

4.1 Representing Nonlinear Responses.

4.2 Second-Order Terms.

4.3 Third-Order Terms.

4.4 Frequency Dependence and Relationship between Products.

4.5 Nonlinear Products in the Cascades.

4.6 Examples: Spreadsheets for IMs in a Cascade.

4.7 Anomalous IMs.

4.8 Measuring IMs.

4.9 Compression in the Cascade.

4.10 Other Nonideal Effects.

4.11 Summary.

Endnote.

5 NOISE AND NONLINEARITY.

5.1 Intermodulation of Noise.

5.2 Composite Distortion.

5.3 Dynamic Range.

5.4 Optimizing Cascades.

5.5 Spreadsheet Enhancements.

5.6 Summary.

Endnotes.

6 ARCHITECTURES THAT IMPROVE LINEARITY.

6.1 Parallel Combining.

6.2 Feedback.

6.3 Feed forward.

6.4 Nonideal Performance.

6.5 Summary.

Endnotes.

7 FREQUENCY CONVERSIONS.

7.1 Basics.

7.2 Spurious Levels.

7.3 Two-Signal IMs.

7.4 Power Range for Predictable Levels.

7.5 Spur Plot, LO Reference.

7.6 Spur Plot, IF Reference.

7.7 Shape Factors.

7.8 Double Conversion.

7.9 Operating Regions.

7.10 Examples.

7.11 Note on Spur Plots Used in This Chapter.

7.12 Summary.

Endnotes.

8 CONTAMINATING SIGNALS IN SEVERE NONLINEARITIES.

8.1 Decomposition.

8.2 Hard Limiting.

8.3 Soft Limiting.

8.4 Mixers, Through the LO Port.

8.5 Frequency Dividers.

8.6 Frequency Multipliers.

8.7 Summary.

Endnotes.

9 PHASE NOISE.

9.1 Describing Phase Noise.

9.2 Adverse Effects of Phase Noise.

9.3 Sources of Phase Noise.

9.4 Processing Phase Noise in a Cascade.

9.5 Determining the Effect on Data.

9.6 Other Measures of Phase Noise.

9.7 Summary.

Endnote.

APPENDIX A: OP AMP NOISE FACTOR CALCULATIONS.

A.1 Invariance When Input Resistor Is Redistributed.

A.2 Effect of Change in Source Resistances.

A.3 Model.

APPENDIX B: REPRESENTATIONS OF FREQUENCY BANDS, IF NORMALIZATION.

B.1 Passbands.

B.2 Acceptance Bands.

B.3 Filter Asymmetry.

APPENDIX C: CONVERSION ARITHMETIC.

C.1 Receiver Calculator.

C.2 Synthesis Calculator.

APPENDIX E: EXAMPLE OF FREQUENCY CONVERSION.

APPENDIX F: SOME RELEVANT FORMULAS.

F.1 Decibels.

F.2 Reflection Coefficient and SWR.

F.3 Combining SWRs.

F.3.1 Summary of Results.

F.3.2

WILLIAM F. EGAN is an instructor at Santa Clara University, California and formerly a Principle Engineer at TRW ESD and a Senior Technologist at GTE Government Systems.