Aerospace Navigation Systems

Alexander V. Nebylov

ISBN: 9788126565047

392 pages

Exclusively distributed by CBS Publishers & Distributors 


Compiled by leading authorities, Aerospace Navigation Systems is a compendium of chapters that present modern aircraft and spacecraft navigation methods based on up-to-date inertial, satellite, map matching and other guidance techniques. Ranging from the practical to the theoretical, this book covers navigational applications over a wide range of aerospace vehicles including aircraft, spacecraft and drones, both remotely controlled and operating as autonomous vehicles. It provides a comprehensive background of fundamental theory, the utilisation of newly-developed techniques, incorporates the most complex and advanced types of technical innovation currently available and presents a vision for future developments.

The Editors


List of Contributors



1 Inertial Navigation Systems
1.1 Introduction

1.2 The Accelerometer Sensing Equation

1.3 Reference Frames

1.4 Direction Cosine Matrices and Quaternions

1.5 Attitude Update

1.6 Navigation Mechanization

1.7 Position Update

1.8 INS Initialization

1.9 INS Error Characterization

1.10 Calibration and Compensation

1.11 Production Example


2 Satellite Navigation Systems
2.1 Introduction

2.2 Preliminary Considerations

2.3 Navigation Problems Using Satellite Systems

2.4 Satellite Navigation Systems (GNSS)

2.5 GNSS Observables

2.6 Sources of Error

2.7 GNSS Receivers

2.8 Augmentation Systems

2.9 Integration of GNSS with Other Sensors

2.10 Aerospace Applications


3 Radio Systems for Long- Range Navigation
3.1 Introduction

3.2 Principles of Operation

3.3 Coverage

3.4 Interference in VLF and LF Radio - Navigation Systems

3.5 Error Budget

3.6 LF Radio System Modernization

3.7 User Equipment


4 Radio Systems for Short-Range Navigation
4.1 Overview of Short-Range Navigational Aids

4.2 Nondirectional Radio Beacon and the "Automatic Direction Finder"

4.3 VHF Omni-Directional Radio Range

4.4 DME and TACAN Systems


5 Radio Technical Landing Systems
5.1 Instrument Landing Systems

5.2 Microwave Landing Systems--Current Status

5.3 Ground-Based Augmentation System

5.4 Lighting Systems--Airport Visual Landing Aids and Other Short- Range Optical Navigation Systems


6 Correlated-Extremal Systems and Sensors
6.1 Construction Principles

6.2 Image Sensors for CES

6.3 Aviation and Space CES

6.4 Prospects for CES Development


7 Homing Devices
7.1 Introduction

7.2 Definition of Homing Devices

7.3 Homing Device Functioning in Signal Fields

7.4 Characteristics of Homing Methods

7.5 Homing Device Efficiency

7.6 Radio Proximity Fuze

7.7 Homing Device Functioning Under Jamming Conditions

7.8 Intelligent Homing Devices


8 Optimal and Suboptimal Filtering in Integrated Navigation Systems
8.1 Introduction

8.2 Filtering Problems: Main Approaches and Algorithms

8.3 Filtering Problems for Integrated Navigation Systems

8.4 Filtering Algorithms for Processing Data from Inertial and Satellite Systems

8.5 Filtering and Smoothing Problems Based on the Combined Use of Kalman and Wiener Approaches for Aviation


9 Navigational Displays
9.1 Introduction to Modern Aerospace Navigational Displays

9.2 A Global Positioning System Receiver and Map Display

9.3 Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) System Displays

9.4 Collision Avoidance and Ground Warning Displays


10 Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle Navigation
10.1 The Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle

10.2 Small- Sized UAVs

10.3 The UAV as a Controlled Object

10.4 UAV Navigation

10.5 Examples of Construction and Technical Characteristics of the Onboard Avionic Control Equipment

10.6 Small- Sized Unmanned WIG and Amphibious UAVs