Wiley's J.D. Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE (Main & Advanced), 4ed, 2022

Sudarsan Guha

ISBN: 9789354248641

668 pages

INR 919

Description

This book is an adaptation of the classic book Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. Lee (fifth edition) which is widely used by students preparing for engineering entrance examinations. This adapted version provides a more concise treatment of the subject as per the syllabus requirements but does not compromise on essentials. The explanation of fundamental concepts is simple and straightforward, offering a right blend of theory and applications. The adaptation has been carried out with the purpose of making the book the best fit for engineering aspirants.

 

Preface

Note to the Student

1. Structure of an Atom
1.1 Atoms
1.2 Some Important Definitions
1.3 Electronic Configuration of an Atom

 

2. Periodic Table and Periodic Properties
2.1 Periodic Table
2.2 Classification of Elements Based on Electronic Configuration
2.3 Periodic Trends In Properties

3. Chemical Bonding

3.1 Attainment of a Stable Configuration

3.2 Types of Bonds

3.3 Transitions Between the Main Types of Bonding

3.4 The Covalent Bond

3.5 Valence Bond Theory

3.6 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory

3.7 The Extent of Orbital Participation in Molecular Bonding

3.8 Types of Covalent Bonds (Sigma () and Pi () Bonds)

3.9 Molecular Orbital Method

3.10 LCAOMethod

3.11 Rules for Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals

3.12 Examples of Molecular Orbital Treatment for Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules

3.13 Examples of Molecular Orbital Treatment for Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

3.14 Dipole Moment

3.15 The Ionic Bond

3.16 Close Packing

3.17 Ionic Compounds of the Type AX (ZnS, NaCl, CsCl)

3.18 Ionic Compounds of the Type AX2 (CaF2, TiO2, SiO2)

3.19 Layer Structures (CdI2, CdCl2, [NiAs])

3.20 Lattice Energy

3.21 Stoichiometric Defects

3.22 Nonstoichiometric Defects

3.23 Born–Haber Cycle

3.24 Polarizing Power and Polarizability – Fajans’ Rules

3.25 Melting Point of Ionic Compounds

3.26 Solubility of Ionic Compounds

3.27 Electrical Conductivity and Colour

3.28 Acidic Nature of Oxides

3.29 Thermal Stability of Ionic Compounds

3.30 Weak Forces

3.31 Interactions between Ions and Covalent Molecules

3.32 The Metallic Bond

3.33 Theories of Bonding in Metals

3.34 Conductors, Insulators and Semiconductors

 

4. Hydrolysis

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Hydrolysis Through SN1 Mechanism

4.3 Hydrolysis Through SN2 Mechanism

4.4 Hydrolysis Through Addition–Elimination Mechanism

4.6 Hydrolysis Through Redox Reaction

4.5 Hydrolysis Through Addition Mechanism

4.7 Hydrolysis Through Push–Pull Mechanism

4.8 Hydrolysis Through Mixed Mechanism

 

5. Coordination Compounds

5.1 Double Salts and Coordination Compounds

5.2 Werner’s Work

5.3 More Recent Methods of Studying Complexes

5.4 Classification of Ligands

5.5 Effective Atomic Number (EAN)

5.6 Shapes of Orbitals

5.7 Bonding in Transition Metal Complexes

5.8 Valence Bond Theory

5.9 Crystal Field Theory

5.10 Effects of Crystal Field Splitting

5.11 Tetragonal Distortion of Octahedral Complexes (Jahn-Teller Distortion)

5.12 Square Planar Arrangements

5.13 Tetrahedral Complexes

5.14 Magnetism

5.15 Extension of the Crystal Field Theory to Allow for Some Covalency

5.16 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds

5.17 Isomerism

 

6. Metallurgy

6.1 Types of Ores

6.2 Principal Steps in the Recovery of a Metal From its Ore

6.3 Concentration or Dressing of Ore

6.4 Conversion of Concentrated Ore into its Oxide

6.5 Different Reduction Processes

6.6 Purification or Refining of Metal

6.7 Theromodynamics of Reduction Process

6.8 Alloys and Amalgams

6.9 Different Types of Furnaces Used in Metallurgy

6.10 Extraction of Silver

6.11 Extraction of Gold by Cyanide Process

6.12 Extraction of Tin

6.13 Extraction of Magnesium

6.14 Extraction of Aluminium

6.15 Extraction of Lead

6.16 Extraction of Copper

6.17 Extraction of Zinc

6.18 Extraction of Iron

 

7. Qualitative Salt Analysis

7.1 Action of Dilute Acids

7.2 Tests for CO23-/HCO3- and SO23-/HSO3- Radicals

7.3 Tests for Sulphide (S2-) Radical

7.4 Tests for Thiosulphate (S2O32-) Radical

7.5 Tests for Nitrite (NO2-) Radical

7.6 Tests for Acetate, Formate and Oxalate Radicals

7.7 Tests for Halide (Cl-, Br-, I-) Radicals

7.8 Tests for Nitrate (NO3-) Radical

7.9 Tests for Sulphate (SO24-) Radical

7.10 Tests for Borate (BO33-) Radical

7.11 Tests for Phosphate (PO34-) Radical

7.12 Tests for Chromate (CrO24-) and Dichromate (Cr2O72-) Radicals

7.13 Tests for Permanganate (MnO4-) and Manganate (MnO42-) Radicals

7.14 Dry Tests for Basic Radicals

7.15 Wet Tests for Basic Radicals

7.16 Some General Tests for Cations

7.17 Specific Tests for Some Cations

 

8. Hydrogen and the Hydrides

8.1 Electronic Structure

8.2 Position in the Periodic Table

8.3 Abundance of Hydrogen

8.4 Preparation of Hydrogen

8.5 Properties of Molecular Hydrogen

8.6 Isotopes of Hydrogen

8.7 and Hydrogen

8.8 Hydrides

8.9 The Hydrogen Ion

8.10 Hydrogen Bonding

 

9. The -Block Elements and their Compounds

9.1 General Properties

9.2 Structures of the Metals, Hardness and Cohesive Energy

9.3 Flame Colours and Spectra

9.4 Colour of Compounds

9.5 Chemical Properties

9.6 Oxides, Hydroxides, Peroxides and Superoxides

9.7 Sulphides

9.8 Oxosalts – Carbonates, Bicarbonates, Nitrates, Nitrites and Sulphates

9.9 Halides and Polyhalides

9.10 Hydrides

9.11 Solubility and Hydration

9.12 Solutions of Metals in Liquid Ammonia

9.13 Compounds with Carbon

9.14 Complexes, Crowns and Crypts

9.15 Biological Importance

9.16 Differences Between Lithium and the Other Group 1 Elements

9.17 Preparation of Sodium Hydroxide

9.18 Electrolytic Processes

9.19 Preparation of Sodium Carbonate

9.20 The Solvay (or Ammonia – Soda) Process

9.21 General Properties

9.22 Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium

9.23 Chemical Properties

9.24 Hydroxides

9.25 Hardness of Water

9.26 Reaction with Acids and Bases

9.27 Oxides and Peroxides

9.28 Sulphates

9.29 Nitrates

9.30 Hydrides

9.31 Halides

9.32 Nitrides

9.33 Carbides

9.34 Complexes

9.35 Biological Role of Mg2+ and Ca2+

9.36 Differences Between Beryllium and the Other Group 2 Elements

 

10. The -Block Elements and their Compounds

10.1 Oxidation States and Types of Bonds

10.2 General Properties

10.3 Preparation of Boron

10.4 Reactions of Boron

10.5 Reactions of the Other Elements

10.6 Compounds of Boron and Oxygen

10.7 The Other Group 13 Oxides

10.8 Tetrahydridoborates (Borohydrides)

10.9 Halides

10.10 Complexes

10.11 Differences Between Boron and the Other Elements

10.12 Boron Hydrides

10.13 Reactions of the Boranes

10.14 Structures of the Boranes

10.15 Organometallic Compounds

10.16 Structure and Allotropy of the Elements

10.17 Differences Between Carbon, Silicon and the Remaining Elements

10.18 Physical Properties

10.19 Chemical Reactivity

10.20 Carbides

10.21 Oxygen Compounds of Carbon

10.22 Carbonates

10.23 Sulphides of Carbon

10.24 Oxides of Silicon

10.25 Oxides of Germanium, Tin and Lead

10.26 Silicates

10.27 Classification of Silicates

10.28 Glass

10.29 Organosilicon Compounds and the Silicones

10.30 Hydrides of Silicon

10.31 Complexes

10.32 Internal Bonding Using  Orbitals

10.33 Halides

10.34 Organic Derivatives

10.35 General Properties and Structures of the Elements

10.36 Hydrides

10.37 Liquid Ammonia as a Solvent

10.38 Hydrogen Azide and the Azides

10.39 Nitrogen Fixation

10.40 NPK Fertilizers

10.41 Halides

10.42 Oxides of Nitrogen

10.43 Oxoacids of Nitrogen

10.44 Oxides of Phosphorus

10.45 Oxoacids of Phosphorus

10.46 General Properties

10.47 Structure and Allotropy of the Elements

10.48 Physical Properties

10.49 Chemical Reactivity

10.50 General Properties of Oxides

10.51 Oxides of Sulphur

10.52 Oxoacids of Sulphur

10.53 Oxohalides

10.54 Hydrides

10.55 Halides

10.56 Extraction and Uses of the Elements

10.57 General Properties

10.58 Reaction with Water

10.59 Reactivity of the Elements

10.60 Hydrogen Halides HX

10.61 Halides

10.62 Halogen Oxides

10.63 Oxoacids

10.64 Interhalogen Compounds

10.65 Polyhalides

10.66 Pseudohalogens and Pseudohalides

10.67 Occurrence and Recovery of the Elements

10.68 Uses of the Elements

10.69 Physical Properties

10.70 Special Properties of Helium

10.71 Chemical Properties of the Noble Gases

10.72 Chemistry of Xenon

10.73 Structure and Bonding in Xenon Compounds

10.74 Structures of Some Xenon Compounds

 

11. The -Block Elements and Some of their Compounds

11.1 Variable Oxidation State

11.2 Complexes

11.3 Size of Atoms and Ions

11.4 Density

11.5 Melting and Boiling Points

11.6 Reactivity of Metals

11.7 Ionization Energies

11.8 Colour

11.9 Magnetic Properties

11.10 Catalytic Properties

11.11 Nonstoichiometry

11.12 Abundance

11.13 Chromate and Dichromate

11.14 Manganate and Permanganate

11.15 Silver and its Compounds

11.16 Zinc Compounds

11.17 Copper Compounds

11.18 Iron Compounds

 

12. The -Block Elements and Some of their Compounds

12.1 Lanthanoids

12.2 Actinoids

12.3 Comparison between Lanthanoids and Actinoids

 

Answers

Appendices

Appendix A Abundance of the Elements in the Earth’s Crust

Appendix B Melting Points of the Elements

Appendix C Boiling Points of the Elements

Appendix D Densities of the Solid and Liquid Elements

Appendix E Electronic Structures of the Elements

Appendix F Some Average Single Bond Energies and Some Double and Triple Bond Energies

Appendix G Solubilities of Main Group Compounds in Water

Appendix H Atomic Weights Based on 12C = 12.000

Appendix I Values of Some Fundamental Physical Constants

Appendix J Electrical Resistivity of the Elements at the Stated Temperature

Appendix K Hardness of Minerals – Mohs’ Scale

JEE(Advanced) Paper 2020

Index

 

 

 

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