Wiley's J. D. Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry for NEET and other Medical Entrance Examinations, 2ed, 2020

Sudarsan Guha

ISBN: 9788126598359

588 pages

INR 709

Description

This book is an adaptation of the classic book Concise Inorganic Chemistry by J.D. Lee (fifth edition) which is widely used by students all over the world. This adapted version provides a more concise treatment of the subject as per NEET syllabus requirements but does not compromise on essentials. The explanation of fundamental concepts is simple and straightforward, offering a right blend of theory and applications. The adaptation has been carried out with the purpose of making the book the best fit for medical aspirants. In this adaptation, several changes have been made in the chapters as per the syllabus of NEET to simplify the learning of the subject. A completely new chapter on Metallurgy has been added.

Preface

Note to the Student

1. Structure of an Atom

1.1 Subatomic particles

1.2 Atomic Models

1.3 Electromagnetic Radiation

1.4 Atomic or Emission Spectra

1.5 Planck’s Quantum Theory

1.6 Bohr’s Atomic Model

1.7 Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom

1.8 The Schrödinger Wave Equation

1.9 Representation of an atom

1.10 Electronic Configuration of an Atom

1.11 Slater’s Rule

2. Periodic Table and Periodic Properties  

2.1 Periodic Table  

2.2 Classification of Elements Based on Electronic Configuration   

2.3 Periodic Trends In Properties   

2.4 Born-Haber Cycle     

3. Chemical Bonding

3.1 Attainment of a Stable Configuration

3.2 Types of Bonds

3.3 Transitions Between the Main Types of Bonding

3.4 The Covalent Bond

3.5 Valence Bond theory

3.6 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory

3.7 The Extent of Orbital Participation in Molecular Bonding

3.8 Types of Covalent Bonds (Sigma () and Pi () Bonds)

3.9 Molecular Orbital Method

3.10 LCAOMethod

3.11 Rules for Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals

3.12 Examples of Molecular Orbital Treatment for Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules

3.13 Examples of Molecular Orbital Treatment for Heteronuclear Diatomic Molecules

3.14 Dipole Moment

3.15 The Ionic Bond

3.16 Polarizing Power and Polarizability – Fajans’ Rules

3.17 Melting Point of Ionic Compounds

3.18 Solubility of Ionic Compounds

3.19 Electrical Conductivity and Colour

3.20 Acidic Nature of Oxides

3.21 Thermal Stability of Ionic Compounds

3.22 Weak Forces

3.23 Interactions between Ions and Covalent Molecules

3.24 The Metallic Bond

3.25 Theories of Bonding in Metals

4. Coordination Compounds

4.1 Double Salts and Coordination Compounds

4.2 Werner’s Work

4.3 More Recent Methods of Studying Complexes

4.4 Classification of Ligands

4.5 Effective Atomic Number (EAN)

4.6 Shapes of Orbitals

4.7 Bonding in Transition Metal Complexes

4.8 Valence Bond Theory

4.9 Crystal Field Theory

4.10 Effects of Crystal Field Splitting

4.11 Tetragonal Distortion of Octahedral Complexes (Jahn-Teller Distortion)

4.12 Square Planar Arrangements

4.13 Tetrahedral Complexes

4.14 Magnetism

4.15 Extension of the Crystal Field Theory to Allow for Some Covalency

4.16 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds

4.17 Isomerism

5. Hydrogen and its Compounds

5.1 Electronic Structure

5.2 Position in the Periodic Table

5.3 Abundance of Hydrogen

5.4 Preparation of Hydrogen

5.5 Properties of Molecular Hydrogen

5.6 Isotopes of Hydrogen

5.7 and Hydrogen

5.8 Hydrides

5.9 The Hydrogen Ion

5.10 Hydrogen Bonding

6. The -Block Elements and their Compounds

Group 1 – The Alkali Metals

6.1 General Properties

6.2 Born–Haber Cycle: Energy Changes in the Formation of Ionic Compounds

6.3 Structures of the Metals, Hardness and Cohesive Energy

6.4 Flame Colours and Spectra

6.5 Colour of Compounds

6.6 Chemical Properties

6.7 Oxides, Hydroxides, Peroxides and Superoxides

6.8 Sulphides

6.9 Oxosalts – Carbonates, Bicarbonates, Nitrates, Nitrites and Sulphates

6.10 Halides and Polyhalides

6.11 Hydrides

6.12 Solubility and Hydration

6.13 Solutions of Metals in Liquid Ammonia

6.14 Compounds with Carbon

6.15 Complexes, Crowns and Crypts

6.16 Biological Importance

6.17 Differences Between Lithium and the Other Group 1 Elements

6.18 Preparation of Sodium Hydroxide

6.19 Electrolytic Processes

6.20 Preparation of Sodium Carbonate

6.21 The Solvay (or Ammonia – Soda) Process

Group 2 – The Alkaline Earth Elements

6.22 General Properties

6.23 Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium

6.24 Chemical Properties

6.25 Hydroxides

6.26 Hardness of Water

6.27 Reaction with Acids and Bases

6.28 Oxides and Peroxides

6.29 Sulphates

6.30 Nitrates

6.31 Hydrides

6.32 Halides

6.33 Nitrides

6.34 Carbides

6.35 Complexes

6.36 Biological Role of Mg2+ and Ca2+

6.37 Differences Between Beryllium and the Other Group 2 Elements

7. The -Block Elements and their Compounds

The Group 13 Elements

7.1 Oxidation States and Types of Bonds

7.2 General Properties

7.3 Preparation of Boron

7.4 Reactions of Boron

7.5 Reactions of the Other Elements

7.6 Compounds of Boron and Oxygen

7.7 The Other Group 13 Oxides

7.8 Tetrahydridoborates (Borohydrides)

7.9 Halides

7.10 Complexes

7.11 Differences Between Boron and the Other Elements

7.12 Boron Hydrides

7.13 Reactions of the Boranes

7.14 Structures of the Boranes

7.15 Organometallic Compounds

The Group 14 Elements

7.16 Structure and Allotropy of the Elements

7.17 Differences Between Carbon, Silicon and the Remaining Elements

7.18 Physical Properties

7.19 Chemical Reactivity

7.20 Carbides

7.21 Oxygen Compounds of Carbon

7.22 Carbonates

7.23 Sulphides of Carbon

7.24 Oxides of Silicon

7.25 Oxides of Tin and Lead

7.26 Silicates

7.27 Classification of Silicates

7.28 Glass

7.29 Organosilicon Compounds and the Silicones

7.30 Hydrides of Silicon

7.31 Complexes

7.32 Internal  Bonding Using  Orbitals

7.33 Halides

7.34 Organic Derivatives

 

The Group 15 Elements

7.35 General Properties and Structures of the Elements

7.36 Hydrides

7.37 Liquid Ammonia as a Solvent

7.38 Hydrogen Azide and the Azides

7.39 Nitrogen Fixation

7.40 NPK- Fertilizers

7.41 Halides

7.42 Oxides of Nitrogen

7.43 Oxoacids of Nitrogen

7.44 Oxides of Phosphorus

7.45 Oxoacids of Phosphorus

 

The Group 16 Elements – Chalcogens

7.46 General Properties

7.47 Structure and Allotropy of the Elements

7.48 Physical Properties

7.49 Chemical Reactivity

7.50 General Properties of Oxides

7.51 Oxides of Sulphur

7.52 Oxoacids of Sulphur

7.53 Oxohalides

7.54 Hydrides

7.55 Halides

 

The Group 17 Elements – The Halogens

7.56 Extraction and Uses of the Elements

7.57 General Properties

7.58 Reaction with Water

7.59 Reactivity of the Elements

7.60 Hydrogen Halides HX

7.61 Halides

7.62 Halogen Oxides

7.63 Oxoacids

7.64 Interhalogen Compounds

7.65 Polyhalides

7.66 Pseudohalogens and Pseudohalides

 

The Group 18 Elements – Noble Gases

7.67 Occurrence and Recovery of the Elements

7.68 Uses of the Elements

7.69 Physical Properties

7.70 Special Properties of Helium

7.71 Chemical Properties of the Noble Gases

7.72 Chemistry of Xenon

7.73 Structure and Bonding in Xenon Compounds

7.74 Structure of some Xenon Compounds

 

8. The d-Block Elements and Some of their Compounds

8.1 Variable Oxidation State

8.2 Complexes

8.3 Size of Atoms and Ions

8.4 Density

8.5 Melting and Boiling Points

8.6 Reactivity of Metals

8.7 Ionization Enthalpies

8.8 Colour

8.9 Magnetic Properties

8.10 Catalytic Properties

8.11 Non-stoichiometry

8.12 Abundance

8.13 Chromate and Dichromate

8.14 Manganate and Permanganate

 

9. The -Block Elements and Some of their Compounds

9.1 Lanthanoids

9.2 Actinoids

9.3 Comparison between Lanthanoids and Actinoids

 

10. Metallurgy

10.1 Types of Ores

10.2 Principal Steps in the Recovery of a Metal from its Ore

10.3 Concentration or Dressing of Ore

10.4 Conversion of Concentrated Ore into its Oxide

10.4 Conversion of Concentrated Ore into its Oxide

10.5 Different Reduction Processes

10.6 Purification or Refining of Metal

10.7 Theromodynamics of Reduction Process

10.8 Alloys and Amalgams

10.9 Different Types of Furnaces Used in Metallurgy

10.10 Extraction of Silver

10.11 Extraction of Gold by Cyanide Process

10.12 Extraction of Aluminium

10.13 Extraction of Copper

10.14 Extraction of Zinc

10.15 Extraction of Iron

 

11. Environmental Chemistry

11.1 Environmental Pollution

11.2 Atmospheric Pollution

11.3 Tropospheric Pollution

11.4 Stratospheric Pollution

11.5 Water Pollution

11.6 Soil Pollution

11.7 Industrial Waste

11.8 Strategies to Control Environmental Pollution

11.9 Green Chemistry

 

Single Correct Choice Type Questions

Assertion–Reasoning Type Questions

Answers

 

Appendices

Appendix A Abundance of the Elements in the Earth’s Crust

Appendix B Melting Points of the Elements

Appendix C Boiling Points of the Elements

Appendix D Densities of the Solid and Liquid Elements

Appendix E Electronic Structures of the Elements

Appendix F Some Average Single Bond Energies and Some Double and Triple Bond Energies

Appendix G Solubilities of Main Group Compounds in Water

Appendix H Atomic Weights Based on 12C = 12.

Appendix I Values of Some Fundamental Physical Constants

Appendix J Electrical Resistivity of the Elements at the Stated Temperature

Appendix K Hardness of Minerals – Mohs’ Scale

Index