# Wiley Acing the GATE: Civil Engineering, 2ed, 2020

ISBN: 9788126598496

INR 959

## Description

This book acts as a complete reference for aspirants of GATE (CE), covering fundamental aspects of theory before proceeding to relevant questions. The theoretical and numerical concepts in the book are meticulously designed to enhance knowledge and offer valuable insights into critical aspects of the topics. It covers all topics, including new topics introduced in GATE(CE) 2016 syllabus in sufficient depth. The coverage of topics is self-sufficient requiring little to no cross-referencing having sufficient number of questions for practice. Each chapter in the book is important to upgrade the level of preparation, and competency level can be checked through Practice Exercises section.

Preface
Acing the GATE
Syllabus for Civil Engineering (CE)

1 Engineering Mechanics
Introduction
Fundamental Definitions in Mechanics
Basic Concepts
Force and Force System
Effect of Force
Force System: Classification and Definition
Fundamental Principles in Mechanics
Newton’s Three Laws of Motion
Newton’s Law of Gravitation
Parallelogram Law
Principle of Transmissibility
Triangle Law of Forces (Lami’s Theorem)
Static Equilibrium
Application of Statics
Statics of Rigid Bodies: Effect of Non-concurrent Forces in a Plane
Moment of Force about a Point
Varignon’s Theorem
Moment of Couple
Coplanar Parallel and Coplanar Concurrent Force System
Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies and Application to Statics
Types of Supports
Beams
Truss Analysis
Friction
Types of Friction
Contact Friction on an Inclined Plane
Wedge Friction
Rolling Resistance
Belt Friction
Dynamics
Kinematics of Particles
Relationship of Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration
Distance Travelled in the nth Second
Equation of Motion Under Gravity
Relative Motion
Curvilinear Motion
Projectile Motion
Vertical Motion
Newton’s Law and D’Alembert’s Principle
Newton’s Second Law
D’Alembert’s Principle
Work, Energy and Power
Work-Energy Principle
Conservative Force
Work Done by Various Forces
Impact of Elastic Bodies
Types of Impact
Coefficient of Restitution
Period of Restitution and Period of Deformation
Method of Analysis
Direct Central Impact (Two Bodies)
Oblique Central Impact (Two Bodies)
Loss of Kinetic Energy During Impact
Center of Mass and Mass Moment of Inertia
Principle of Virtual Work
Applications
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years' Questions
Practice Exercises

2 Solid Mechanics
Introduction
Shear Force and Bending Moment Diagram
Mechanics of Deformable Bodies
Generalised Hooke’s Law
Relationship between Elastic Constants
Notion of Principal Stress
Evaluation of Principal Stress
Theories of Failure
Maximum Principal Stress Theory
Bending (Flexure) Theory
Shear Theory or Shearing Stresses
Derivation
Computation of QAverage
Shear Centre
Torsion Theory
Comparison of Torsional Shear Stress between Solid and Hollow Circular Shaft
Deflections
Axial/Temperature Stress
Deflection of Beams
Columns
Types of Columns
Combined Stresses (Direct and Bending Stresses)
Unsymmetric Bending
Inclination of Neutral Axis to Moment M
Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels
Cylindrical Vessels
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises

3 Structural Analysis
Introduction
Analysis of Framed Structures
Analysis of Statically Determinate Structures
Energy Methods
Virtual Work Methods
Theorems in Energy Methods
Points to Remember
Principle of Superposition
Analysis of Plane Truss
Influence Line Diagram
Influence Line Diagram for Plane Truss
Influence Line Diagram for Beams
Influence Line for Reaction RA
Influence Line for Shear Force at Section X-X
Influence Line Diagram for B.M. at Section X-X
Analysis of Three-Hinged Arches
Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures
Estimation of Reaction for Statically Indeterminate Structures
Slope Deflection Method
Moment Distribution Method
Absolute and Relative Stiffness of Member
Joint Distribution Factor
Two-Hinged Arches

Matrix Analysis of Structures
Coordinate System
Element Stiffness Matrix and Flexibility Matrix
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises

4 Construction Materials and Management
Introduction
Construction Materials
Structural Steel
Grades of Concrete and Characteristic Strength
Bricks and Mortar
Wood (Timber)
Asphalt
Construction Management
Types of Construction Projects
Tendering and Contracting
Estimation
Project Planning and Network Analysis
Methodology of CPM/PERT
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years' Questions
Practice Exercises

5 Concrete Structures
Introduction
Concrete Technology
Tests on Cement and Concrete
Concrete Mix Design
Objectives of Concrete Mix Design
Types of Mix Design
Design of Concrete Structures
Working Stress Method
Limit State Design
Characteristic Strength
Permissible Stresses in Concrete (IS:456-1978)
Permissible Stresses in Steel
Permissible Shear Stresses in Concrete (tc) Versus % Reinforcement
Design Strength
Comparison of Working Stress and Limit State Methods
Analysis in Working Stress Method
Neutral Axis of Beam Section
Moment of Resistance
Balanced, Under-reinforced and Over-reinforced Section
Steps Involved in Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Analysis in Limit State Method
Stress—Strain Diagram for Limit State Design
Stress—Block Parameters
Design for Shear, Bond and Torsion
Design of Structural Elements
Design of Singly Reinforced Beams
Design of Double Reinforced Beams
Design of T and L Beams
Stress Block and Neutral Axis for T Beam
Moment of Resistance for T Beams
Design of Columns
Short Columns
Design Specifications of Column Reinforcement (IS:456-2000)
Interaction Curves for Column Design
Design of Slabs
One-Way Slab
Two-Way Slabs
Prestressed Concrete
Basic Definitions
Need for High Grade Concrete and Steel
Comparison between Pre-tension and Post-tension Members
Analysis of Prestress Members
Stress Distribution due to Prestressing
Losses in Prestress
Analysis of Flexural Members
Force Analysis or Force Based Concept
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
6 Steel Structures
Introduction
Design Philosophy
Working/Permissible Stresses
Limit State Method
Riveted Joints
Welded Connections
Design of Structural Members
Design of Compression Members
Design of Axially Loaded Compression Member
Types of Sections

Design of Built-up Columns
Design Consideration
Battens
Column Bases and Footings
Design of Tension Members
Permissible Stresses in Tension Members
Steps Involved in Design of Tension Members
Design of Beams
Types of Beam Sections
Stability of Beams
Stresses in Beams
Deformation of Beams
Beam Deflection
Web Buckling
Web Crippling
Design of Built-Up Beams
Design of Connections
Shear Connections: Riveted
Moment Resistant Connections
Plastic Analysis
Plastic Analysis of Beams
Plastic Hinge
Plastic vs. Elastic Designs
Important Formulas
Solved Examples  (Working Stress Method)
Solved GATE Previous Years' Questions
Practice Exercises
7 Geotechnical Engineering
Introduction
Classification of Soils
Classification based on Mode of Transportation
Classification based on Mode of Deposition
Indian Standard Classification (ISC) System
Physical Properties of Soil
Volumetric Relationships
Mass Relationship
Volume—Mass Relationship
Volume—Weight Relationship
Specific Gravity of Solids
Functional Relationship
Particle Size and Stability Chart
Plasticity Characteristics of Soil
Consistency Limits
Index Properties
Sensitivity
Thixotropy
Activity of Soils
Permeability
Darcy’s Law
Factor Affecting the Coefficient of Permeability
Effective Coefficient of Permeability for Stratified Soils
Determination of Coefficient Permeability in the Laboratory
Seepage Analysis
Derivation of Laplace Equation
Stream Function
Potential Function
Characteristics of Flow Net
Uses of Flow Net
Effective Stress Principle
Pore Water Pressure
Effective Stress in Soil Mass in Unsaturated Condition
Effective Stress in Soil Mass under Hydrodynamic Condition
Piping
Earth Pressure Theories
Rankine’s Theory — Active and Passive Case
Vertical Stress Distribution
Vertical Stresses due to Concentrated load
Vertical Stress Distribution on Horizontal Plane
Vertical Stress Distribution on Vertical Plane
Vertical Stresses due to Line Load
Vertical Stresses Under a Circular Area
Approximate Methods
Contact Pressure Distribution on Soils for Different Type of Footings
Contact Pressure on Saturated Clay
Contact Pressure on Sand
Stability of Slopes
Factors Leading to Failure of Slopes
Different Factors of Safety Incorporated in Stability of Slopes
Types of Slope Failure
Stability Analysis of Finite Slope
Stability of Infinite Slope of Cohesionless Soil
Wedge Failure
Culman’s Method
Friction Circle Method
Effective Stress Analysis by Bishop’s Method
Stability Charts
Compaction
Objectives of Compaction
Compaction Theory
Tests for Compaction
Compaction of Sands
Factors Affecting Compaction
Field Compaction
Compression and Consolidation
Consolidation
Consolidation Stages
Settlement Under a Constant Load and Void Ratio
Coefficient of Compressibility (av)
Void Ratio vs. Effective Stress Plot
Void Ratio and log

Plot

s

Compression Index (Cc)
Types of Consolidated Clays
Terzaghi’s Theory
Shear Strength of Soil
Methods of Shear Strength Testing
Soil Investigation
Types of Samplers
Penetration Tests
Foundation
Types of Foundation
Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundation
Rankine’s Analysis
Terzaghi’s Analysis
Types of Shear Failure
Meyerhoff’s Bearing Capacity Theories
Ultimate Bearing Capacity in Case of Local Shear Failure
Effect of Water Table on Bearing Capacity of Soil
Bearing Capacity of Square Rectangular and Circular Footing
Skempton’s Theory of Bearing Capacity
Settlement of Shallow Foundation
Allowable Soil Pressure for Cohesionless Soil
Deep Foundation—Pile Foundation
Bearing Capacity of Piles
Classification of Piles
Pile Capacity
Bearing Capacity of Pile Group
Efficiency of Pile and Group of Piles
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
8 Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics
Introduction
Properties of Fluids
Viscosity
Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids
Surface Tension and Capillarity
Hydrostatics: Basic Definitions
Fluid Pressure
Pascal’s Law
Pressure Variation in Fluid at Rest
Pressure Measurement
Hydrostatics: Forces
Fluid Pressure Normal to Surface
Forces on Floating and Submerged Bodies
Conditions of Stability
Fluid Flow
Discharge and Mean Velocity
Momentum and Fluid Flow
Euler’s Equation of Motion along a Streamline
Practical Applications of Bernoulli’s Equation
Orifices and Mouthpieces
Hydraulic Coefficients
Mouthpiece
Notches and Weirs
Notches
Weir
Two-Dimensional Flow
Streamlines and Stream Functions
Streamline
Flow Nets
Dimensional Analysis
Dimensional Analysis - Indicial Method
Dimensional Analysis - Group Method
Hydraulic Similitude
Geometric Similarity
Kinematic Similarity
Dynamic Similarity
Flow through Pipes
Incompressible Laminar Flow of Circular Cross-Section Pipes
Boundary Layer
Conditions for Separation of Boundary Layer
Forces on Submerged Bodies
Drag Force
Lift Force
Pressure Drag and Friction Drag
Open Channel Flow
Discharge through Open Channel
Non-Uniform Flow through Open Channels
Specific Energy
Critical Depth
Critical Velocity
Minimum Specific Energy
Condition for Maximum Discharge for Minimum Specific Energy
Hydraulic Jump
Assumptions
Impact of Jets
Basics of Hydraulic Machines
Common Definitions
Velocity Triangles
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
9 Hydrology
Introduction
Hydrologic Cycle
Water Budget Equation
Precipitation
Weather Systems for Precipitation
Measurement of Precipitation
Presentation of Rainfall Data
Stage of River
Evaporation
Dalton’s Law of Evaporation
Estimation of Evaporation
Reservoir Evaporation
Reducing Evaporation Losses
Evapotranspiration
Measurement of Evapotranspiration
Methods of Stream Flow Measurement
Interception
Infiltration
Infiltration Capacity
Infiltration Indices
Depression Storage
Runoff
Runoff Modelling
Hydrographs
Derivation of Unit Hydrograph
Methods to Develop Unit Hydrographs of Different Durations
Estimating Design Flood
Choice of Design Flood
Method of Estimating Design Flood
Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph
Nash’s Model
Clarke’s Model
Flood Routing Methods
Distributed/Hydraulic Routing
Lumped/Hydrologic Flood Routing
Equations Used in Routing
Muskingum Method for Routing
Types of Reservoirs
Size of Reservoirs
Groundwater Flow
Aquifers
Wells
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
10 Irrigation
Introduction
Types of Irrigation
Methods of Irrigation
Free Flooding Method
Flooding by Contour Laterals
Border Crop Flooding Method
Check Flooding
Ring Basin Flooding
Zig—Zag Method
Furrow Method
Contour Farming
Sub-Surface Irrigation
Sprinkler Irrigation
Water Requirement of Crops
Classes of Soil Water
Soil Moisture Constants
Limiting Soil Moisture Conditions
Depth and Frequency of Irrigation
Principal Crops and Crop Seasons
Agricultural Classification
Classification based on Crop Seasons
Classification based on Irrigation Requirement
Duty and Delta
Relation between Duty (D) and Delta (∆)
Factors Affecting Duty
Some Important Definitions
Consumptive Use of Water (Evapo-Transpiration)
Irrigation Efficiencies
Irrigation Requirement of Crops
Crop Rotation
Spillways
Straight Drop Spillway
Side Channel Spillway
Chute or Trough Spillway
Tunnel Spillway
Shaft Spillway
Siphon Spillways
Wier and Barrage
Divide Wall (Groyne)
Under Sluices
Irrigation Channels
Design of Alluvial Channels
Kennedy’s Theory
Lacey’s Regime Equations
Comparison of Kennedy’s and Lacey’s Theory
Water Logging and Drainage
Degree of Waterlogging
Canal Regulation Works
Cross Drainage Works
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
11 Environmental Engineering
Introduction
Sources of Water
Water Quality or Characteristics of Water
Physical Characteristics
Chemical Characteristics
Water Quantity Estimation
Water Consumption Rate
Population Forecasting Method
Water Intake Structure
Factors Governing Location of Intake
Design Considerations
Types of Intake
Water Distribution Systems
Requirements of Good Distribution System
Layout of Distribution Networks
Distribution Reservoirs
Flow in Pipe Network—Hardy-Cross Method
Water Treatment
Unit Processes and Operations
Wastewater Quantity Estimation
Types of Wastewater — Domestic, Industrial and Storm Water
Characteristics of Sewage
Physical Characteristics
Chemical Characteristics
Biological Characteristics of Sewage
Wastewater Treatment
Sanitation and Sewerage System
Unit Processes and Operations for Wastewater Treatment
Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Wastewater Treatment
Effluent Sludge Disposal
Types of Solid Wastes
Municipal Solid Waste
Characteristics of Solid Waste
Collection and Transportation of Solid Waste
Disposal of Municipal Solid Wastes
Pyrolysis
Types of Pollutants
Primary Air Pollutants
Secondary Air Pollutants
Units of Measure of Air Pollutants
Air Pollution Meteorology
Relations between ELR and DALR
Inversions
Types of Plumes
Effects of Air Pollutants on Human Health
National Ambient Air Quality Standards
Air Pollution Control
Properties of Sound Waves
Propagation of Sound Waves
Sound Power and Intensity
Sound Levels
Noise Reduction Concept
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
12 Transportation Engineering
Introduction
Highway Engineering in India
Highway Alignment and Engineering Surveys
Highway Alignment
Factors Controlling Alignment
Engineering Surveys
Geometric Design of Highways
Cross-Sectional Elements
Sight Distance
Horizontal Alignment
Vertical Alignment
Geometric Design of Railway Track
Necessity for Geometric Design
Curvature of the Track
Geometric Design of Airports
Runways
Runway Length
Taxiways
Pavement Design
Flexible Pavement
Highway Materials
Design of Flexible Pavement
Rigid Pavements
Distresses in Pavement
Types of Intersections and Channelisation
Traffic Engineering
Traffic Stream Parameters
Models of Traffic Flow
Poisson Model
Traffic Operations
Traffic Studies
Level of Service of Rural Highways and Urban Roads
Statistical Analysis of Traffic Data
Speed Studies
Volume Studies
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years' Questions
Practice Exercises
13 Geomatics Engineering
Introduction
Types of Surveying
Specialized Surveying
Units of Measurement and Conversion Factors
Measuring Horizontal Distances
Errors in Measuring Horizontal Distance
Trigonometric Vertical Measurement
Compass Surveying
Terminology in Compass Surveying
Instruments Used in Compass Surveying
Traversing
Measure of Bearing
Offset
Contouring
Contour Interval
Errors
Precision and Accuracy
Slope Correction
Errors and their Nature
Limits for Acceptable Errors in Surveying
Levelling
Basic Definitions
Terminology
Levelling Instrument
Types of Levelling
Differential Levelling
Errors in Levelling
Curves
Simple Circular Curve
Compound or Reverse Curve
Transition Curve
Photogrammetry
Remote Sensing
Electromagnetic Radiation used in Remote Sensing
Sensors in Remote Sensing
Platforms
Geosynchronous and Geostationary Orbit
Data Analysis
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Data Types in GIS
Data Analysis and Modelling
Important Formulas
Solved Examples
Solved GATE Previous Years’ Questions
Practice Exercises
List of Codes

·Solved GATE 2018 Paper
·Solved GATE 2019 Paper

Index

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