Mastering AutoCAD 2019 and AutoCAD LT 2019

George Omura, Brian C. Benton

ISBN: 9788126578443

1084 pages

INR 999

Description

Each year, Mastering AutoCAD appears at the top of the AutoCAD book sales charts, and it is the world's all-time best-selling AutoCAD series, with more than a half million copies in print. Mastering AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT teaches AutoCAD essentials using concise explanations, focused examples, step-by-step instructions, and hands-on projects for both AutoCAD and AutoCAD LT. This detailed resource works as both a tutorial and stand-alone reference. Part I introduces the basics of the interface and drafting tools; Part II moves into such intermediate skills as effectively using hatches, fields, and tables; Part III details such advanced skills as attributes, dynamic blocks, drawing curves and solid fills; Part IV explores 3D modeling and imaging; and Part V discusses customization and integration.

Contents
Introduction

Part 1 The Basics
Chapter 1 Exploring the Interface
·Taking a Guided Tour
·Launching AutoCAD
·The AutoCAD Window
·Using the Application Menu
·Using the Ribbon
·Picking Points in the Drawing Area
·Using the UCS Icon
·Working in the Command Window
·Working with AutoCAD
·Opening an Existing File
·Getting a Closer Look
·Saving a File as You Work
·Making Changes
·Working with Multiple Files
·Adding a Predrawn Symbol with the Tool Palettes
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 2 Creating Your First Drawing
·Getting to Know the Home Tab's Draw and Modify Panels
·Starting Your First Drawing
·Specifying Exact Distances with Coordinates
·Specifying Polar Coordinates
·Specifying Relative Cartesian Coordinates
·Interpreting the Cursor Modes and Understanding Prompts
·Understanding Cursor Modes
·Choosing Command Options
·Selecting Objects
·Selecting Objects in AutoCAD
·Providing Base Points
·Using Noun/Verb Selection
·Editing with Grips
·Stretching Lines by Using Grips
·Moving and Rotating with Grips
·Understanding Dynamic Input
·Displaying Data in a Text Window
·Displaying the Properties of an Object
·Getting Help
·Using the Info Center
·Finding Additional Sources of Help
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 3 Setting Up and Using the Drafting Tools
·Setting Up a Work Area
·Specifying Units
·Fine-Tuning the Measurement System
·Setting up the Drawing Limits
·Looking at an Alternative to Limits
·Understanding Scale Factors
·Using Polar Tracking
·Setting the Polar Tracking Angle
·Exploring the Drawing Process
·Locating an Object in Reference to Others
·Getting a Closer Look
·Modifying an Object
·Planning and Laying Out a Drawing
·Making a Preliminary Sketch
·Using the Layout
·Erasing the Layout Lines
·Putting on the Finishing Touches
·Aligning Objects by Using Object Snap Tracking
·Using the AutoCAD Modes as Drafting Tools
·Using Grid Mode as a Background Grid
·Using Snap Modes
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 4 Organizing Objects with Blocks and Groups
·Creating and Using a Symbol
·Understanding the Block Definition Dialog Box
·Inserting a Symbol
·Scaling and Rotating Blocks
·Using an Existing Drawing as a Symbol
·Modifying a Block
·Unblocking and Redefining a Block
·Saving a Block as a Drawing File
·Replacing Existing Files with Blocks
·Understanding the Write Block Dialog Box Options
·Other Uses for Blocks
·Understanding the Annotation Scale
·Grouping Objects
·Modifying Members of a Group
·Ungrouping, Adding, and Subtracting from a Group
·Working with the Object Grouping Dialog Box
·Working with the AutoCAD LT Group Manager
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 5 Keeping Track of Layers and Blocks
·Organizing Information with Layers
·Creating and Assigning Layers
·Working on Layers
·Controlling Layer Visibility
·Finding the Layers You Want
·Taming an Unwieldy List of Layers
·Assigning Line types to Layers
·Adding a Line type to a Drawing
·Controlling Line weights
·Keeping Track of Blocks and Layers
·Getting a Text File List of Layers or Blocks
·The Bottom Line

Part 2 Mastering Intermediate Skills
Chapter 6 Editing and Reusing Data to Work Efficiently
·Creating and Using Templates
·Creating a Template
·Using a Template
·Copying an Object Multiple Times
·Making Circular Copies
·Making Row and Column Copies
·Fine-Tuning Your View
·Finishing the Kitchenette
·Array Along a Path
·Making Changes to an Associative Array
·Developing Your Drawing
·Importing Settings
·Using Osnap Tracking to Place Objects
·Finding an Exact Distance Along a Curve
·Changing the Length of Objects
·Creating a New Drawing by Using Parts from Another Drawing
·Eliminating Unused Blocks, Layers, Line types, Shapes, Styles, and More
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 7 Mastering Viewing Tools, Hatches, and External References
·Assembling the Parts
·Taking Control of the AutoCAD Display
·Understanding Regeneration and Redrawing
·Saving Views
·Understanding the Frozen Layer Option
·Using Hatch Patterns in Your Drawings
·Placing a Hatch Pattern in a Specific Area
·Adding Predefined Hatch Patterns
·Positioning Hatch Patterns Accurately
·Updating a Block from an External File
·Changing the Hatch Area
·Modifying a Hatch Pattern
·Understanding the Boundary Hatch Options
·Controlling Boundaries with the Boundaries Panel
·Fine-Tuning the Boundary Behavior
·Controlling Hatch Behavior with the Options Panel
·Controlling Hatch Default Layer, Layout Scale, and ISO Line Weight
·Using Additional Hatch Features
·Using Gradient Shading
·Tips for Using Hatch
·Space Planning and Hatch Patterns
·Using External References
·Attaching a Drawing as an External Reference
·Other Differences Between External References and Blocks
·Other External Reference Options
·Clipping Xref Views and Improving Performance
·Editing Xrefs in Place
·Using the External Reference Tab
·Adding and Removing Objects from Blocks and Xrefs
·Understanding the Reference Edit Dialog Box Options
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 8 Introducing Printing, Plotting and Layouts
·Plotting the Plan
·Understanding the Plotter Settings
·Paper Size
·Drawing Orientation
·Plot Area
·Plot Scale
·Shaded Viewport Options
·Plot Offset
·Plot Options
·Exit Options
·Plotting Using Layout Views
·Setting Plot Scale in the Layout Viewports
·Adding an Output Device
·Editing a Plotter Configuration
·Storing a Page Setup
·Using Electronic Plots
·Exporting to PDF Through the Plot Dialog Box
·Exporting to PDF Through the Export To DWF/PDF Ribbon Panel
·Exporting Autodesk DWF and DWFx Files
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 9 Adding Text to Drawings
·Preparing a Drawing for Text
·Organizing Text by Styles
·Getting Familiar with the Text and Annotation Scale Control Panels
·Setting the Annotation Scale and Adding Text
·Inserting Text
·Exploring Text and Scale
·Understanding the Text Style Dialog Box Options
·Styles
·Set Current/New/Delete
·Font
·Size
·Effects
·Exploring Text Formatting in AutoCAD
·Adjusting the Text Height and Font
·Understanding the Text Editor Tab
·Adding Symbols and Special Characters
·Setting Indents and Tabs
·What Do the Fonts Look Like?
·Adding Simple Single-Line Text Objects
·Justifying Single-Line Text Objects
·Using Special Characters with Single-Line Text Objects
·Using the Check Spelling Feature
·How Check Spelling Works
·Choosing a Dictionary
·Substituting Fonts
·Finding and Replacing Text
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 10 Using Fields and Tables
·Using Fields to Associate Text with Drawing Properties
·Adding Tables to Your Drawing
·Creating a Table
·Adding Cell Text
·Adjusting Table Text Orientation and Location
·Editing the Table Line Work
·Adding Formulas to Cells
·Using Formulas Directly in Cells
·Using Other Math Operations
·Importing and Exporting Tables
·Importing a Table
·Exporting Tables
·Creating Table Styles
·Adding or Modifying a Table Style
·The Table Style Options
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 11 Using Dimensions
·Understanding the Components of a Dimension
·Creating a Dimension Style
·Setting Up the Primary Unit Style
·Setting the Height for Dimension Text
·Setting the Location and Orientation of Dimension Text
·Choosing an Arrow Style and Setting the Dimension Scale
·Setting Up Alternate Units
·Setting the Current Dimension Style
·Modifying a Dimension Style
·Drawing Linear Dimensions
·Understanding the Dimensions Panel
·Placing Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions
·Continuing a Dimension
·Drawing Dimensions from a Common Base Extension Line
·Adjusting the Distance Between Dimensions
·Editing Dimensions
·Appending Data to Dimension Text
·Using Grips to Make Minor Adjustments to Dimensions
·Changing Style Settings of Individual Dimensions
·Editing Dimensions and Other Objects Together
·Associating Dimensions with Objects
·Adding a String of Dimensions with a Single Operation
·Adding or Removing the Alternate Dimensions
·Dimensioning Nonorthogonal Objects
·Dimensioning Nonorthogonal Linear Distances
·Dimensioning Radii, Diameters, and Arcs
·Skewing Dimension Lines
·Using the Dimension Tool
·Adding a Note with a Leader Arrow
·Creating Multileader Styles
·Editing Multileader Notes
·Breaking a Dimension Line for a Leader
·Applying Ordinate Dimensions
·Adding Tolerance Notation
·Inserting Tolerance and Datum Values
·Adding Inspection Dimensions
·The Bottom Line

Part 3 Mastering Advanced Skills
Chapter 12 Using Attributes
·Creating Attributes
·Adding Attributes to Blocks
·Copying and Editing Attribute Definitions
·Turning the Attribute Definitions into a Block
·Inserting Blocks Containing Attributes
·Editing Attributes
·Editing Attribute Values One at a Time
·Editing Attribute Text Formats and Properties
·Making Global Changes to Attribute Values
·Making Invisible Attributes Visible
·Making Global Format and Property Changes to Attributes
·Other Block Attribute Manager Options
·Redefining Blocks Containing Attributes
·Extracting and Exporting Attribute Information
·Performing the Extraction
·Extracting Attribute Data to an AutoCAD Table
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 13 Copying Existing Drawings from Other Sources
·Methods for Converting Paper Drawings to AutoCAD Files
·Importing a Raster Image
·Working with a Raster Image
·Scaling a Raster Image
·Controlling Object Visibility and Overlap with Raster Images
·Adjusting Brightness, Contrast, and Fade
·Clipping a Raster Image
·Turning Off the Frame, Adjusting Overall Quality, and Controlling Transparency
·Working with PDF Files
·Importing a PDF
·Scaling and Osnaps with PDFs
·Controlling the PDF Display
·Importing a PDF as an AutoCAD Drawing
·Reconstructing Imported AutoCAD SHX Fonts
·Coordinating Geographic Locations
·Making Adjustments to the Map
·Finding Measurements and Distances
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 14 Advanced Editing and Organizing
·Using External References
·Preparing Existing Drawings for External Referencing
·Assembling Xrefs to Build a Drawing
·Updating Blocks in Xrefs
·Importing Named Elements from Xrefs
·Controlling the Xref Search Path
·Managing Layers
·Saving and Recalling Layer Settings
·Other Tools for Managing Layers
·Using Advanced Tools: Filter and Quick Select
·Filtering Selections
·Using Quick Select
·Using the QuickCalc Calculator
·Adding Foot and Inch Lengths and Finding the Sum of Angles
·Converting Units with QuickCalc
·Using QuickCalc to Find Points
·Finding Fractional Distances Between Two Points
·Using QuickCalc While in the Middle of a Command
·Storing Expressions and Values
·Guidelines for Working with QuickCalc
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 15 Laying Out Your Printer Output
·Understanding Model Space and Paper Space
·Switching from Model Space to Paper Space
·Setting the Size of a Paper Space Layout
·Creating New Paper Space Viewports
·Creating a Viewport from a Saved View
·Reaching Inside Viewports
·Working with Paper Space Viewports
·Scaling Views in Paper Space
·Setting Layers in Individual Viewports
·Creating and Using Multiple Paper Space Layouts
·Creating Odd-Shaped Viewports
·Understanding Lineweights, Linetypes, and Dimensions in Paper Space
·Controlling and Viewing Lineweights in Paper Space
·The Lineweight Settings Dialog Box
·Linetype Scales and Paper Space
·Dimensioning in Paper Space Layouts
·Other Uses for Paper Space
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 16 Making "Smart" Drawings with Parametric Tools
·Why Use Parametric Drawing Tools?
·Connecting Objects with Geometric Constraints
·Using Auto Constrain to Add Constraints Automatically
·Editing a Drawing Containing Constraints
·Using Other Geometric Constraints
·Using Constraints in the Drawing Process
·Controlling Sizes with Dimensional Constraints
·Adding a Dimensional Constraint
·Editing a Dimensional Constraint
·Using Formulas to Control and Link Dimensions
·Adding a Formula Parameter
·Testing the Formula
·Using Other Formulas
·Editing the Constraint Options
·Putting Constraints to Use
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 17 Using Dynamic Blocks
·Exploring the Block Editor
·Opening the Block Editor
·Editing a Block and Creating New Blocks
·Creating a Dynamic Block
·Adding a Parameter
·Adding an Action
·Adding an Increment Value
·Editing Parameters and Actions
·Keeping an Object Centered
·Using Constraints in Dynamic Blocks
·Adding a List of Predefined Options
·Creating Multiple Shapes in One Block
·Rotating Objects in Unison
·Filling in a Space Automatically with Objects
·Including Block Information with Data Extraction
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 18 Drawing Curves
·Introducing Polylines
·Drawing a Polyline
·Setting Polyline Options
·Editing Polylines
·Setting Pedit Options
·Smoothing Polylines
·Editing Vertices
·Creating a Polyline Spline Curve
·Using True Spline Curves
·Drawing a True Spline
·Understanding the Spline Options
·Fine-Tuning Spline Curves
·Marking Divisions on Curves
·Dividing Objects into Segments of Equal Length
·Dividing Objects into Specified Lengths
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 19 Getting and Exchanging Data from Drawings
·Finding the Area of Closed Boundaries
·Finding the Area of an Object
·Using Hatch Patterns to Find Areas
·Adding and Subtracting Areas with the Area Command
·Getting General Information
·Determining the Drawing's Status
·Keeping Track of Time
·Getting Information from System Variables
·Keeping a Log of Your Activity
·Capturing and Saving Text Data from the AutoCAD Text Window
·Understanding the Command Window Context Menu
·Storing Searchable Information in AutoCAD Files
·Searching for AutoCAD Files
·Recovering Corrupted Files
·Using the DXF File Format to Exchange CAD Data with Other Programs
·Exporting DXF Files
·Opening or Importing DXF Files
·Using AutoCAD Drawings in Page Layout Programs
·Exporting Raster Files
·Exporting Vector Files
·Using OLE to Import Data
·Editing OLE Links
·Importing Worksheets as AutoCAD Tables
·Understanding Options for Embedding Data
·Using the Clipboard to Export AutoCAD Drawings
·The Bottom Line

Part 4 3D Modeling and Imaging
Chapter 20 Creating 3D Drawings
·Getting to Know the 3D Modeling Workspace
·Drawing in 3D Using Solids
·Adjusting Appearances
·Creating a 3D Box
·Editing 3D Solids with Grips
·Constraining Motion with the Gizmo
·Rotating Objects in 3D Using Dynamic UCS
·Drawing on a 3D Object's Surface
·Pushing and Pulling Shapes from a Solid
·Making Changes to Your Solid
·Creating 3D Forms from 2D Shapes
·Isolating Coordinates with Point Filters
·Moving Around Your Model
·Finding Isometric and Orthogonal Views
·Rotating Freely Around Your Model
·Changing Your View Direction
·Using Steering Wheels
·Changing Where You Are Looking
·Flying Through Your View
·Changing from Perspective to Parallel Projection
·Getting a Visual Effect
·Using Visual Styles
·Creating a Sketched Look with Visual Styles
·In-Canvas Viewport Controls
·Turning a 3D View into a 2D AutoCAD Drawing
·Using the Point Cloud Feature
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 21 Using Advanced 3D Features
·Setting Up AutoCAD for This Chapter
·Mastering the User Coordinate System
·Defining a UCS
·Saving a UCS
·Working in a UCS
·Building 3D Parts in Separate Files
·Understanding the UCS Options
·UCS Based on Object Orientation
·UCS Based on Offset Orientation
·UCS Rotated Around an Axis
·Orienting a UCS in the View Plane
·Manipulating the UCS Icon
·Saving a UCS with a View
·Using Viewports to Aid in 3D Drawing
·Using the Array Tools
·Making Changes to an Associative Array
·Creating Complex 3D Surfaces
·Laying Out a 3D Form
·Spherical and Cylindrical Coordinate Formats
·Using a 3D Polyline
·Creating a Curved 3D Surface
·Converting the Surface into a Solid
·Shaping the Solid
·Finding the Interference Between Two Solids
·Creating Tubes with the Sweep Tool
·Using Sweep to Create Complex Forms
·Creating Spiral Forms
·Creating Surface Models
·Slicing a Solid with a Surface
·Finding the Volume of a Cut
·Understanding the Loft Command
·Moving Objects in 3D Space
·Aligning Objects in 3D Space
·Moving an Object in 3D
·Rotating an Object in 3D
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 22 Editing and Visualizing 3D Solids
·Understanding Solid Modeling
·Creating Solid Forms
·Joining Primitives
·Cutting Portions Out of a Solid
·Creating Complex Solids
·Tapering an Extrusion
·Sweeping a Shape on a Curved Path
·Revolving a Polyline
·Editing Solids
·Splitting a Solid into Two Pieces
·Rounding Corners with the Fillet Tool
·Chamfering Corners with the Chamfer Tool
·Using the Solid-Editing Tools
·Streamlining the 2D Drawing Process
·Drawing Standard Top, Front, and Right-Side Views
·Creating 2D Drawings with the Base View Command
·Adding Dimensions and Notes in a Layout
·Using Visual Styles with a Viewport
·Visualizing Solids
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 23 Exploring 3D Mesh and Surface Modeling
·Creating a Simple 3D Mesh
·Creating a Mesh Primitive
·Understanding the Parts of a Mesh
·Smoothing a Mesh
·Editing Faces and Edges
·Stretching Faces
·Moving an Edge
·Adding More Faces
·Rotating an Edge
·Adding a Crease
·Splitting and Extruding a Mesh Face
·Creating Mesh Surfaces
·Revolved Surface
·Edge Surface
·Ruled Surface
·Tabulated Surface
·Converting Meshes to Solids
·Understanding 3D Surfaces
·Editing Surfaces
·Using Extrude, Surface Trim, and Surface Fillet
·Using Surface Blend, Patch, and Offset
·Understanding Associativity
·Editing with Control Vertices
·Editing with the CV Edit Bar
·Making Holes in a Surface with the Project Geometry Panel
·Visualizing Curvature: Understanding the Analysis Panel
·The Bottom Line

Part 5 Customization and Integration
Chapter 24 Customizing Toolbars, Menus, Linetypes, and Hatch Patterns
·Using Workspaces
·Customizing the User Interface
·Taking a Quick Customization Tour
·Understanding the Customizations In All Files Panel
·Getting the Overall View
·Finding Commands in the Command List
·Opening Preview, Button Image, and Shortcuts
·Getting to the Core of Customization in the Properties Group
·Creating Your Own Ribbon Panels and Menus
·Customizing Ribbon Panel Tools
·Creating Macros in Tools and Menus
·Pausing for User Input
·Opening an Expanded Text Box for the Macro Option
·Editing Keyboard Shortcuts
·Saving, Loading, and Unloading Your Customizations
·Understanding the DIESEL Macro Language
·Using DIESEL at the Command Line
·Using DIESEL in a Custom Menu Macro
·Using DIESEL as a Menu Bar Option Label
·Using DIESEL and Fields to Generate Text
·Creating Custom Linetypes
·Viewing Available Linetypes
·Creating a New Linetype
·Understanding the Linetype Code
·Creating Complex Linetypes
·Creating Hatch Patterns
·The Bottom Line

Chapter 25 Managing and Sharing Your Drawings
·Sharing Drawings Online
·Sharing Project Files with eTransmit
·Publishing Your Drawings
·Exchanging Drawing Sets
·Exploring Other Publish Options
·Creating a PDF or DWF File by Using the Plot Dialog Box
·Sharing Views for Commenting
·Using the Shared Views Tool
·Using the Autodesk Viewer Web Page
·Adding Hyperlinks to Drawings
·Creating Hyperlinks
·Editing and Deleting Hyperlinks
·Taking a Closer Look at the Hyperlink Options
·Managing Your Drawings with Design Center and the Tool Palettes
·Getting Familiar with Design Center
·Opening and Inserting Files with Design Center
·Finding and Extracting the Contents of a Drawing
·Exchanging Data Between Open Files
·Loading Specific Files into Design Center
·Customizing the Tool Palettes with Design Center
·Comparing Drawing Versions to Discover Changes
·Using the Drawing Compare Tool
·Looking at the Compare Tab Tools
·Establishing Office Standards
·Establishing Layering and Text Conventions
·Checking Office Standards
·Converting Multiple Layer Settings
·Exploring Other Layer Translator Options
·The Bottom Line

Appendices
Appendix A The Bottom Line
Chapter 1: Exploring the Interface
Chapter 2: Creating Your First Drawing
Chapter 3: Setting Up and Using the Drafting Tools
Chapter 4: Organizing Objects with Blocks and Groups
Chapter 5: Keeping Track of Layers and Blocks
Chapter 6: Editing and Reusing Data to Work Efficiently
Chapter 7: Mastering Viewing Tools, Hatches, and External References
Chapter 8: Introducing Printing, Plotting, and Layouts
Chapter 9: Adding Text to Drawings
Chapter 10: Using Fields and Tables
Chapter 11: Using Dimensions
Chapter 12: Using Attributes
Chapter 13: Copying Existing Drawings from Other Sources
Chapter 14: Advanced Editing and Organizing
Chapter 15: Laying Out Your Printer Output
Chapter 16: Making "Smart" Drawings with Parametric Tools
Chapter 17: Using Dynamic Blocks
Chapter 18: Drawing Curves
Chapter 19: Getting and Exchanging Data from Drawings
Chapter 20: Creating 3D Drawings
Chapter 21: Using Advanced 3D Features
Chapter 22: Editing and Visualizing 3D Solids
Chapter 23: Exploring 3D Mesh and Surface Modeling
Chapter 24: Customizing Toolbars, Menus, Line types, and Hatch Patterns
Chapter 25: Managing and Sharing Your Drawings
Appendix B Installing and Setting Up AutoCAD
Before Installing AutoCAD
Proceeding with the Installation
Configuring AutoCAD
The Files Tab
The Display Tab
The Open And Save Tab
The Plot and Publish Tab
The System Tab
The User Preferences Tab
The Drafting Tab
The 3D Modeling Tab
The Selection Tab
The Profiles Tab
Turning On the Noun/Verb Selection Method
Turning on the Grips Feature
Setting Up the Tracking Vector Feature
Adjusting the AutoCAD 3D Graphics System
Finding Folders That Contain AutoCAD Files
Setting Up AutoCAD with a White Background
Appendix C The Autodesk AutoCAD 2019 Certification
Index