# Fluid Mechanics

ISBN: 9788126558568

680 pages

## Description

This highly-regarded text continues to provide readers with a balanced and comprehensive approach to mastering critical concepts, incorporating a proven problem-solving methodology that helps readers develop an orderly plan to finding the right solution and relating results to expected physical behavior. The ninth edition features a wealth of example problems integrated throughout the text as well as a variety of new end of chapter problems. Fluid Mechanics integrates case studies at the beginning of each chapter, motivating students by demonstrating how the concepts of fluid mechanics are applied to solve real-world problems.

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

1.2 Basic Equations

1.3 Methods of Analysis

1.4 Dimensions and Units

1.5 Analysis of Experimental Error

1.6 Summary

Chapter 2 Fundamental Concepts

2.1 Fluid as a Continuum

2.2 Velocity Field

2.3 Stress Field

2.4 Viscosity

2.5 Surface Tension

2.6 Description and Classification of Fluid Motions

2.7 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 3 Fluid Statics

3.1 The Basic Equation of Fluid Statics

3.2 The Standard Atmosphere

3.3 Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid

3.4 Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces

3.5 Buoyancy and Stability

3.6 Fluids in Rigid-Body Motion (on the Web)

3.7 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 4 Basic Equations In Integral Form For A Control Volume

4.1 Basic Laws for a System

4.2 Relation of System Derivatives to the Control Volume Formulation

4.3 Conservation of Mass

4.4 Momentum Equation for Inertial Control Volume

4.5 Momentum Equation for Control Volume with Rectilinear Acceleration

4.6 Momentum Equation for Control Volume with Arbitrary Acceleration (on the Web)

4.7 The Angular-Momentum Principle

4.8 The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics

4.9 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 5 Introduction To Differential Analysis Of Fluid Motion

5.1 Conservation of Mass

5.2 Stream Function for Two-Dimensional Incompressible Flow

5.3 Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)

5.4 Momentum Equation

5.5 Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics

5.6 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 6 Incompressible Inviscid Flow

6.1 Momentum Equation for Frictionless Flow: Euler's Equation

6.2 Bernoulli Equation: Integration of Euler's Equation Along a Streamline for Steady Flow

6.3 The Bernoulli Equation Interpreted as an Energy Equation

6.4 Energy Grade Line and Hydraulic Grade Line

6.5 Unsteady Bernoulli Equation: Integration of Euler's Equation Along a Streamline (on the Web)

6.6 Irrotational Flow

6.7 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 7 Dimensional Analysis And Similitude

7.1 Nondimensionalizing the Basic Differential Equations

7.2 Nature of Dimensional Analysis

7.3 Buckingham Pi Theorem

7.4 Significant Dimensionless Groups in Fluid Mechanics

7.5 Flow Similarity and Model Studies

7.6 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 8 Internal Incompressible Viscous Flow

8.1 Internal Flow Characteristics

Part A. Fully Developed Laminar Flow

8.2 Fully Developed Laminar Flow Between Infinite Parallel Plates

8.3 Fully Developed Laminar Flow in a Pipe

Part B. Flow In Pipes And Ducts

8.4 Shear Stress Distribution in Fully Developed Pipe Flow

8.5 Turbulent Velocity Profiles in Fully Developed Pipe Flow

8.6 Energy Considerations in Pipe Flow

8.7 Calculation of Head Loss

8.8 Solution of Pipe Flow Problems

Part C. Flow Measurement

8.9 Restriction Flow Meters for Internal Flows

8.10 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 9 External Incompressible Viscous Flow

Part A. Boundary Layers

9.1 The Boundary-Layer Concept

9.2 Laminar Flat-Plate Boundary Layer: Exact Solution (on the Web)

9.3 Momentum Integral Equation

9.4 Use of the Momentum Integral Equation for Flow with Zero Pressure Gradient

9.5 Pressure Gradients in Boundary-Layer Flow

Part B. Fluid Flow About Immersed Bodies

9.6 Drag

9.7 Lift

9.8 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 10 Fluid Machinery

10.1 Introduction and Classification of Fluid Machines

10.2 Turbomachinery Analysis

10.3 Pumps, Fans, and Blowers

10.4 Positive Displacement Pumps

10.5 Hydraulic Turbines

10.6 Propellers and Wind-Power Machines

10.7 Compressible Flow Turbomachines

10.8 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 11 Flow In Open Channels

11.1 Basic Concepts and Definitions

11.2 Energy Equation for Open-Channel Flows

11.3 Localized Effect of Area Change (Frictionless Flow)

11.4 The Hydraulic Jump

11.5 Steady Uniform Flow

11.6 Flow with Gradually Varying Depth

11.7 Discharge Measurement Using Weirs

11.8 Summary and Useful Equations

Chapter 12 Introduction To Compressible Flow

12.1 Review of Thermodynamics

12.2 Propagation of Sound Waves

12.3 Reference State: Local Isentropic Stagnation Properties

12.4 Critical Conditions

12.5 Basic Equations for One-Dimensional Compressible Flow

12.6 Isentropic Flow of an Ideal Gas: Area Variation

12.7 Normal Shocks

12.8 Supersonic Channel Flow with Shocks

12.8 Supersonic Channel Flow with Shocks (continued, at www.wiley.com/college/fox)

12.9 Flow in a Constant--Area Duct with Friction (www.wiley.com/college/fox)

12.10 Frictionless Flow in a Constant--Area Duct with Heat Exchange (www.wiley.com/college/fox)

12.11 Oblique Shocks and Expansion Waves (www.wiley.com/college/fox)

12.12 Summary and Useful Equations

References

Problems

Appendix A Fluid Property Data

Appendix B Videos For Fluid Mechanics

Appendix C Selected Performance Curves For Pumps And Fans

Appendix D Flow Functions For Computation Of Compressible Flow

Appendix E Analysis Of Experimental Uncertainty

Appendix F Additional Compressible Flow Functions (Www.Wiley.Com/College/Fox) Wf-1

Appendix G A Brief Review Of Microsoft Excel (Www.Wiley.Com/College/Fox) Wg-1

Answers to Selected Problems

Index