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Introduction to Physics

John D. Cutnell, Kenneth W. Johnson, David Young, Shane Stadler

ISBN: 9788126556021

896 pages

INR 939


Cutnell and Johnson has been the Number one text in the algebra-based physics market for over 20 years. Over 250,000 students have used the book as the equipment they need to build their problem-solving confidence, push their limits, and be successful. The tenth edition continues to offer material to help the development of conceptual understanding and show the relevance of physics to readers lives and future careers. Helps the reader to first identify the physics concepts, then associate the appropriate mathematical equations, and finally to work out an algebraic solution

1 Introduction and Mathematical Concepts

1.1 The Nature of Physics

1.2 Units

1.3 The Role of Units in Problem Solving

1.4 Trigonometry

1.5 Scalars and Vectors

1.6 Vector Addition and Subtraction

1.7 The Components of a Vector

1.8 Addition of Vectors by Means of Components


2 Kinematics in One Dimension

2.1 Displacement

2.2 Speed and Velocity

2.3 Acceleration

2.4 Equations of Kinematics for Constant Acceleration

2.5 Applications of the Equations of Kinematics

2.6 Freely Falling Bodies

2.7 Graphical Analysis of Velocity and Acceleration


3 Kinematics in Two Dimensions

3.1 Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration

3.2 Equations of Kinematics in Two Dimensions

3.3 Projectile Motion

3.4 Relative Velocity


 4 Forces and Newton's Laws of Motion

 4.1 The Concepts of Force and Mass

 4.2 Newton's First Law of Motion

 4.3 Newton's Second Law of Motion

 4.4 The Vector Nature of Newton's Second Law of Motion

 4.5 Newton's Third Law of Motion

 4.6 Types of Forces: An Overview

 4.7 The Gravitational Force

 4.8 The Normal Force

 4.9 Static and Kinetic Frictional Forces

 4.10 The Tension Force

 4.11 Equilibrium Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion

 4.12 Nonequilibrium Applications of Newton's Laws of Motion


  5 Dynamics of Uniform Circular Motion

  5.1 Uniform Circular Motion

  5.2 Centripetal Acceleration

  5.3 Centripetal Force

  5.4 Banked Curves

  5.5 Satellites in Circular Orbits

  5.6 Apparent Weightlessness and Artificial Gravity

  5.7 Vertical Circular Motion


  6 Work and Energy

  6.1 Work Done by a Constant Force

  6.2 The Work--Energy Theorem and Kinetic Energy

  6.3 Gravitational Potential Energy

  6.4 Conservative Versus Nonconservative Forces

  6.5 The Conservation of Mechanical Energy

  6.6 Nonconservative Forces and the Work--Energy Theorem

  6.7 Power

  6.8 Other Forms of Energy and the Conservation of Energy

  6.9 Work Done by a Variable Force


  7 Impulse and Momentum

  7.1 The Impulse--Momentum Theorem

  7.2 The Principle of Conservation of Linear Momentum

  7.3 Collisions in One Dimension

  7.4 Collisions in Two Dimensions

  7.5 Center of Mass


  8 Rotational Kinematics

  8.1 Rotational Motion and Angular Displacement

  8.2 Angular Velocity and Angular Acceleration

  8.3 The Equations of Rotational Kinematics

  8.4 Angular Variables and Tangential Variables

  8.5 Centripetal Acceleration and Tangential Acceleration

  8.6 Rolling Motion

  8.7 The Vector Nature of Angular Variables


  9 Rotational Dynamics

  9.1 The Action of Forces and Torques on Rigid Objects

  9.2 Rigid Objects in Equilibrium

  9.3 Center of Gravity

  9.4 Newton's Second Law for Rotational Motion About a Fixed Axis

  9.5 Rotational Work and Energy

  9.6 Angular Momentum


  10 Simple Harmonic Motion and Elasticity

  10.1 The Ideal Spring and Simple Harmonic Motion

  10.2 Simple Harmonic Motion and the Reference Circle

  10.3 Energy and Simple Harmonic Motion

  10.4 The Pendulum

  10.5 Damped Harmonic Motion

  10.6 Driven Harmonic Motion and Resonance

  10.7 Elastic Deformation

  10.8 Stress, Strain and Hooke's Law


  11 Fluids

  11.1 Mass Density

  11.2 Pressure

  11.3 Pressure and Depth in a Static Fluid

  11.4 Pressure Gauges

  11.5 Pascal's Principle

  11.6 Archimedes' Principle

  11.7 Fluids in Motion

  11.8 The Equation of Continuity

  11.9 Bernoulli's Equation

  11.10 Applications of Bernoulli's Equation

  11.11 Viscous Flow


  12 Temperature and Heat

  12.1 Common Temperature Scales

  12.2 The Kelvin Temperature Scale

  12.3 Thermometers

  12.4 Linear Thermal Expansion

  12.5 Volume Thermal Expansion

  12.6 Heat and Internal Energy

  12.7 Heat and Temperature Change: Specific Heat Capacity

  12.8 Heat and Phase Change: Latent Heat

  12.9 Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter

  12.10 Humidity


  13 The Transfer of Heat

  13.1 Convection

  13.2 Conduction

  13.3 Radiation

  13.4 Applications


  14 The Ideal Gas Law and Kinetic Theory

  14.1 Molecular Mass, the Mole and Avogadro's Number

  14.2 The Ideal Gas Law

  14.3 Kinetic Theory of Gases

  14.4 Diffusion


  15 Thermodynamics

  15.1 Thermodynamic Systems and Their Surroundings

  15.2 The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics

  15.3 The First Law of Thermodynamics

  15.4 Thermal Processes

  15.5 Thermal Processes Using an Ideal Gas

  15.6 Specific Heat Capacities

  15.7 The Second Law of Thermodynamics

  15.8 Heat Engines

  15.9 Carnot's Principle and the Carnot Engine

  15.10 Refrigerators, Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps

  15.11 Entropy

  15.12 The Third Law of Thermodynamics


  16 Waves and Sound

  16.1 The Nature of Waves

  16.2 Periodic Waves

  16.3 The Speed of a Wave on a String

  16.4 The Mathematical Description of a Wave

  16.5 The Nature of Sound

  16.6 The Speed of Sound

  16.7 Sound Intensity

  16.8 Decibels

  16.9 The Doppler Effect

  16.10 Applications of Sound in Medicine

  16.11 The Sensitivity of the Human Ear


  17 The Principle of Linear Superposition and Interference Phenomena

  17.1 The Principle of Linear Superposition

  17.2 Constructive and Destructive Interference of Sound Waves

  17.3 Diffraction

  17.4 Beats

  17.5 Transverse Standing Waves

  17.6 Longitudinal Standing Waves

  17.7 Complex Sound Waves


  18 Electric Forces and Electric Fields

  18.1 The Origin of Electricity

  18.2 Charged Objects and the Electric Force

  18.3 Conductors and Insulators

  18.4 Charging by Contact and by Induction

  18.5 Coulomb's Law

  18.6 The Electric Field

  18.7 Electric Field Lines

  18.8 The Electric Field Inside a Conductor: Shielding

  18.9 Gauss' Law

  18.10 Copiers and Computer Printers


  19 Electric Potential Energy and the Electric Potential

  19.1 Potential Energy

  19.2 The Electric Potential Difference

  19.3 The Electric Potential Difference Created by Point Charges

  19.4 Equipotential Surfaces and Their Relation to the Electric Field

  19.5 Capacitors and Dielectrics

  19.6 Biomedical Applications of Electric Potential Differences


  20 Electric Circuits

  20.1 Electromotive Force and Current

  20.2 Ohm's Law

  20.3 Resistance and Resistivity

  20.4 Electric Power

  20.5 Alternating Current

  20.6 Series Wiring

  20.7 Parallel Wiring

  20.8 Circuits Wired Partially in Series and Partially in Parallel

  20.9 Internal Resistance

  20.10 Kirchhoff's Rules

  20.11 The Measurement of Current and Voltage

  20.12 Capacitors in Series and in Parallel

  20.13 RC Circuits

  20.14 Safety and the Physiological Effects of Current


  21 Magnetic Forces and Magnetic Fields

  21.1 Magnetic Fields

  21.2 The Force That a Magnetic Field Exerts on a Moving Charge

  21.3 The Motion of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field

  21.4 The Mass Spectrometer

  21.5 The Force on a Current in a Magnetic Field

  21.6 The Torque on a Current-Carrying Coil

  21.7 Magnetic Fields Produced by Currents

  21.8 Ampère's Law

  21.9 Magnetic Materials


  22 Electromagnetic Induction

  22.1 Induced Emf and Induced Current

  22.2 Motional Emf

  22.3 Magnetic Flux

  22.4 Faraday's Law of Electromagnetic Induction

  22.5 Lenz's Law

  22.6 Applications of Electromagnetic Induction to the Reproduction of Sound

  22.7 The Electric Generator

  22.8 Mutual Inductance and Self-Inductance

  22.9 Transformers


  23 Alternating Current Circuits

  23.1 Capacitors and Capacitive Reactance

  23.2 Inductors and Inductive Reactance

  23.3 Circuits Containing Resistance, Capacitance and Inductance

  23.4 Resonance in Electric Circuits

  23.5 Semiconductor Devices


  24 Electromagnetic Waves

  24.1 The Nature of Electromagnetic Waves

  24.2 The Electromagnetic Spectrum

  24.3 The Speed of Light

  24.4 The Energy Carried by Electromagnetic Waves

  24.5 The Doppler Effect and Electromagnetic Waves

  24.6 Polarization


  25 The Reflection of Light: Mirrors

  25.1 Wave Fronts and Rays

  25.2 The Reflection of Light

  25.3 The Formation of Images by a Plane Mirror

  25.4 Spherical Mirrors

  25.5 The Formation of Images by Spherical Mirrors

  25.6 The Mirror Equation and the Magnification Equation


  26 The Refraction of Light: Lenses and Optical Instruments

  26.1 The Index of Refraction

  26.2 Snell's Law and the Refraction of Light

  26.3 Total Internal Reflection

  26.4 Polarization and the Reflection and Refraction of Light

  26.5 The Dispersion of Light: Prisms and Rainbows

  26.6 Lenses

  26.7 The Formation of Images by Lenses

  26.8 The Thin-Lens Equation and the Magnification Equation

  26.9 Lenses in Combination

  26.10 The Human Eye

  26.11 Angular Magnification and the Magnifying Glass

  26.12 The Compound Microscope

  26.13 The Telescope

  26.14 Lens Aberrations


  27 Interference and the Wave Nature of Light

  27.1 The Principle of Linear Superposition

  27.2 Young's Double-Slit Experiment

  27.3 Thin-Film Interference

  27.4 The Michelson Interferometer

  27.5 Diffraction

  27.6 Resolving Power

  27.7 The Diffraction Grating

  27.8 Compact Discs, Digital Video Discs and the Use of Interference

  27.9 X-Ray Diffraction


  28 Special Relativity

  28.1 Events and Inertial Reference Frames

  28.2 The Postulates of Special Relativity

  28.3 The Relativity of Time: Time Dilation

  28.4 The Relativity of Length: Length Contraction

  28.5 Relativistic Momentum

  28.6 The Equivalence of Mass and Energy

  28.7 The Relativistic Addition of Velocities


  29 Particles and Waves

  29.1 The Wave--Particle Duality

  29.2 Blackbody Radiation and Planck's Constant

  29.3 Photons and the Photoelectric Effect

  29.4 The Momentum of a Photon and the Compton Effect

  29.5 The De Broglie Wavelength and the Wave Nature of Matter

  29.6 The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle


  30 The Nature of the Atom

  30.1 Rutherford Scattering and the Nuclear Atom

  30.2 Line Spectra

  30.3 The Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom

  30.4 De Broglie's Explanation of Bohr's Assumption About Angular Momentum

  30.5 The Quantum Mechanical Picture of the Hydrogen Atom

  30.6 The Pauli Exclusion Principle and the Periodic Table of the Elements

  30.7 X-Rays

  30.8 The Laser

  30.9 Medical Applications of the Laser

  30.10 Holography


  31 Nuclear Physics and Radioactivity

  31.1 Nuclear Structure

  31.2 The Strong Nuclear Force and the Stability of the Nucleus

  31.3 The Mass Defect of the Nucleus and Nuclear Binding Energy

  31.4 Radioactivity

  31.5 The Neutrino

  31.6 Radioactive Decay and Activity

  31.7 Radioactive Dating

  31.8 Radioactive Decay Series

  31.9 Radiation Detectors


  32 Ionizing Radiation, Nuclear Energy and Elementary Particles

  32.1 Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation

  32.2 Induced Nuclear Reactions

  32.3 Nuclear Fission

  32.4 Nuclear Reactors

  32.5 Nuclear Fusion

  32.6 Elementary Particles

  32.7 Cosmology



  Appendix A Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation

  Appendix B Significant Figures

  Appendix C Algebra

  Appendix D Exponents and Logarithms

  Appendix E Geometry and Trigonometry

  Appendix F Selected Isotopes

  Answers to Check Your Understanding

  Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems