# Introductory Nuclear Physics, 3ed (An Indian Adaptation)

ISBN: 9789354640834

872 pages

EXC. TO SHRI ADHYA EDUCATIONAL BOOKS

## Description

Krane's Introductory Nuclear Physics is a classic textbook for an introductory course for the subject, that has provided a solid foundation to undergraduate students for more than six decades. It has retained its popularity not only among physics majors but also for an introductory course by students of nuclear science and technology, nuclear chemistry, nuclear engineering, radiation biology and nuclear medicine. Structured into four units, it progressively covers nuclear sizes and shapes followed by decay and radioactivity; the third part provides a survey of nuclear reactions and their applications and part four deals with topics like particle physics, nuclear astrophysics and more.

Unit I Basic Nuclear Structure

Chapter 1 Basic Concepts

1.1 History and Overview

1.2 Rutherford’s Alpha Scattering Experiment

1.3 Some Introductory Terminology

1.4 The Fundamental Forces

1.5 Nuclear Properties

1.6 Units and Dimensions

Chapter 2 Elements of Quantum Mechanics

2.1 Quantum Behavior

2.2 Principles of Quantum Mechanics

2.3 Problems in One Dimension

2.4 Problems in Three Dimensions

2.5 Quantum Theory of Angular Momentum

2.6 Parity

2.7 Quantum Statistics

2.8 Transitions Between States

Chapter 3 Nuclear Properties

3.1 The Size of Nuclei

3.2 Mass and Abundance of Nuclides

3.3 Nuclear Binding Energy

3.4 Nuclear Angular Momentum and Parity

3.5 Nuclear Electromagnetic Moments

3.6 Nuclear Excited States

Chapter 4 The Force Between Nucleons

4.1 The Deuteron Problem

4.2 Nucleon–Nucleon Scattering

4.3 Proton–Proton and Neutron–Neutron Interactions

4.4 Properties of the Nuclear Force

4.5 Nucleon–Nucleon Interactions

4.6 The Exchange Force Model

Chapter 5 Nuclear Models

5.1 The Fermi-Gas Model

5.2 The Shell Model Preliminaries

5.3 Success of Nuclear Shell Model

5.4 Even-Z, Even-N Nuclei and Collective Structure

5.5 More Realistic Nuclear Models

Chapter 6 Nuclear Spin and Moments

6.1 Nuclear Spin

6.2 Nuclear Moments

6.3 Hyperfine Structure

6.4 Measuring Nuclear Moments

Unit II Nuclear Decay And Radioactivity

Chapter 7 Radioactive Decay

7.1 The Radioactive Decay Law

7.2 Quantum Theory of Radioactive Decays

7.3 Production and Decay of Radioactivity

7.4 Growth of Daughter Activities

7.5 Types of Decays

7.6 Natural Radioactivity

7.7 Radioactive Dating

7.8 Units for Measurement of Radiation

Chapter 8 Alpha Decay

8.1 Why α Decay Occurs

8.2 Basic α Decay Processes

8.3 α Decay Systematics

8.4 Theory of α Emission

8.5 Angular Momentum and Parity in α Decay

8.6 α Decay Spectroscopy

Chapter 9 Beta Decay

9.1 Energy Release in β Decay

9.2 Fermi Theory of β Decay

9.3 The “Classical” Experimental Tests of the Fermi Theory

9.4 Angular Momentum and Parity Selection Rules

9.5 Comparative Half-Lives and Forbidden Decays

9.6 Double-β Decay

9.7 Beta-Delayed Nucleon Emission

9.8 Nonconservation of Parity

9.9 Beta Spectroscopy

Chapter 10 Gamma Decay

10.1 Energetics of γ Decay

10.2 Classical Electromagnetic Radiation

10.3 Transition to Quantum Mechanics

10.4 Angular Momentum and Parity Selection Rules

10.5 Angular Distribution and Polarization Measurements

10.6 Internal Conversion

10.7 Lifetimes for γ Emission

10.8 Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy

10.9 Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence and the Mössbauer Effect

Chapter 11 Detecting Nuclear Radiations

11.1 Interactions of Radiation with Matter

11.2 Gas-Filled Detectors

11.3 Scintillation Detectors

11.4 Semiconductor Detectors

11.5 Counting Statistics

11.6 Energy Measurements

11.7 Coincidence Measurements and Time Resolution

11.8 Measurement of Nuclear Lifetimes

11.9 Particle Identification Detectors

Unit III Nuclear Reaction

Chapter 12 Nuclear Reactions

12.1 Types of Reactions and Conservation Laws

12.2 Kinematics of Nuclear Reactions

12.3 Isospin

12.4 Reaction Cross Sections

12.5 Experimental Techniques

12.6 Coulomb Scattering and Rutherford’s Formula

12.7 Nuclear Scattering

12.8 Scattering and Reaction Cross Sections

12.9 The Optical Model

12.10 Compound-Nucleus Reactions

12.11 Direct Reactions

12.12 Resonance Reactions

Chapter 13 Neutron Physics

13.1 Neutron Sources

13.2 Absorption and Moderation of Neutrons

13.3 Neutron Detectors

13.4 Neutron Reactions and Cross Sections

13.5 Neutron Capture

13.6 Interference and Diffraction with Neutrons

Chapter 14 Nuclear Fission

14.1 Why Nuclei Fission

14.2 Characteristics of Fission

14.3 Energy in Fission

14.4 Fission and Nuclear Structure

14.5 Controlled Fission Reactions

14.6 Fission Reactors

14.7 Radioactive Fission Products

Chapter 15 Nuclear Fusion

15.1 Basic Fusion Processes

15.2 Characteristics of Fusion

15.3 Solar Fusion

15.4 Controlled Fusion Reactors

Chapter 16 Accelerators

16.1 Electrostatic Accelerators

16.2 Cyclotron Accelerators

16.3 Synchrotrons

16.4 Linear Accelerators

16.5 Colliding-Beam Accelerators

Unit IV Extensions And Applications

Chapter 17 Particle Physics

17.1 Particle Interactions and Families

17.2 Symmetries and Conservation Laws

17.3 CP Violation in K Decay

17.4 The Quark Model

17.5 Colored Quarks and Gluons

17.6 Reactions and Decays in the Quark Model

17.7 Charm, Beauty, and Truth

17.8 Quark Dynamics

17.9 Neutrino Physics

17.10 Grand Unified Theories

Chapter 18 Nuclear Astrophysics

18.1 The Hot Big Bang Cosmology

18.2 Particle and Nuclear Interactions in the Early Universe

18.3 Primordial Nucleosynthesis

18.4 Stellar Nucleosynthesis (A ≲ 60)

18.5 Stellar Nucleosynthesis (A > 60)

18.6 Nuclear Cosmochronology

Chapter 19 Applications of Nuclear Physics

19.1 Trace Element Analysis

19.2 Mass Spectrometry with Accelerators

19.3 Alpha-Decay Applications

19.4 Diagnostic Nuclear Medicine

19.5 Therapeutic Nuclear Medicine

Appendix A Special Relativity

A.1 Lorentz Transformation

A.2 Relativistic Dynamics

A.3 Transformation of Energy and Momentum

Appendix B Center-of-Mass Reference Frame

B.1 Reaction Kinematics

B.2 Cross Sections

B.3 The CM Schrödinger Equation

Appendix C Tensor Forces and Scattering in Nucleons

C.1 Tensor Forces

C.2 Proton–Proton Scattering in Central Potential at Low Energy

C.3 Derivation of n–p and p–p Scattering at Low Energy

Appendix D Heavy-Ion Reactions

D.1 Heavy-Ion Reactions

D.2 Isospin Dependence of Heavy-Ion Reactions

Appendix E Angular Momentum Algebra

E.1 Vector Coupling Coefficients

E.2 Wigner–Eckart Theorem

Appendix F Algebra of Second Quantization

F.1 Second Quantization for Bosons

F.2 Second Quantization for Fermions

Appendix G Table of Nuclear Properties

Credits

Index