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Modern Physics, 4ed, An Indian Adaptation

Kenneth S. Krane

ISBN: 9789354244681

644 pages

INR 849

Description

This Indian Adaptation of the fourth edition of the book has been developed focusing on addition of new topics, and restructuring some of the existing concepts to make it a better-fit textbook for Indian Universities. The section on The Schrödinger Equation has been updated with more mathematical rigorous treatment. The section on Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions has been extended with detailed solutions of radial and angular parts of the Schrödinger equation through new solved Examples. The chapter on Solid State Physics now has extended discussion on Crystal Structures and Lattice Vibrations.

1. The Failures of Classical Physics

1.1 Review of Classical Physics

1.2 The Failure of Classical Concepts of Space and Time

1.3 The Failure of the Classical Theory of Particle Statistics

1.4 Theory, Experiment, Law

 

2. The Special Theory of Relativity

2.1 Classical Relativity

2.2 The Michelson–Morley Experiment

2.3 Einstein’s Postulates

2.4 Consequences of Einstein’s Postulates

2.5 The Lorentz Transformation

2.6 The Twin Paradox

2.7 Relativistic Dynamics

2.8 Conservation Laws in Relativistic Decays and Collisions

2.9 Experimental Tests of Special Relativity

 

3. The Particle-like Properties of Electromagnetic Radiation

3.1 Review of Electromagnetic Waves

3.2 The Photoelectric Effect

3.3 Thermal Radiation

3.4 The Compton Effect

3.5 Other Photon Processes

3.6 Particles or Waves

 

4. The Wavelike Properties of Particles

4.1 De Broglie’s Hypothesis

4.2 Experimental Evidence for de Broglie Waves

4.3 Uncertainty Relationships for Classical Waves

4.4 Heisenberg Uncertainty Relationships

4.5 Wave Packets

4.6 The Motion of a Wave Packet

4.7 Probability and Randomness

 

5. The Rutherford-Bohr Model of the Atom

5.1 Basic Properties of Atoms

5.2 Scattering Experiments and the Thomson Model

5.3 The Rutherford Nuclear Atom

5.4 Line Spectra

5.5 The Bohr Model

5.6 The Franck–Hertz Experiment

5.7 The Correspondence Principle

5.8 The Failure of the Bohr Model

 

6. The Schrödinger Equation

6.1 Behavior of a Wave a t a Boundary

6.2 Confining a Particle

6.3 The Schrödinger Equation

6.4 Applications of the Schrödinger Equation

6.5 Steps and Barriers

6.6 The Simple Harmonic Oscillator

 

7. The Hydrogen Atom in Wave Mechanics

7.1 A One-Dimensional Atom

7.2 Angular Momentum in the Hydrogen Atom

7.3 The Hydrogen Atom Wave Functions

7.4 Radial Probability Densities

7.5 Angular Probability Densities

7.6 Intrinsic Spin

7.7 Energy Levels and Spectroscopic Notation

7.8 The Zeeman Effect

7.9 Fine Structure

 

8. Many-Electron Atoms

8.1 The Pauli Exclusion Principle

8.2 Electronic States in Many-Electron Atoms

8.3 Outer Electrons: Screening and Optical Transitions

8.4 Properties of the Elements

8.5 Inner Electrons: Absorption Edges and X Rays

8.6 Addition of Angular Momenta

8.7 Lasers

 

9. Molecular Structure

9.1 The Hydrogen Molecule

9.2 Covalent Bonding in Molecules

9.3 Ionic Bonding

9.4 Molecular Vibrations

9.5 Molecular Rotations

9.6 Molecular Spectra

 

10. Statistical Physics

10.1 Statistical Analysis

10.2 Classical and Quantum Statistics

10.3 The Density of States 3

10.4 The Maxwell–Boltzmann Distribution

10.5 Quantum Statistics

10.6 Applications of Bose–Einstein Statistics

10.7 Applications of Fermi–Dirac Statistics

 

11. Solid-State Physics

11.1 Crystal Structures

11.2 Lattice Vibrations

11.3 The Heat Capacity of Solids

11.4 Electrons in Metals

11.5 Band Theory of Solids

11.6 Superconductivity

11.7 Intrinsic and Impurity Semiconductors

11.8 Semiconductor Devices

11.9 Magnetic Materials

 

12. Nuclear Structure and Radioactivity

12.1 Nuclear Constituents

12.2 Nuclear Sizes and Shapes

12.3 Nuclear Masses and Binding Energies

12.4 The Nuclear Force

12.5 Quantum States in Nuclei

12.6 Radioactive Decay

12.7 Alpha Decay

12.8 Beta Decay

12.9 Gamma Decay and Nuclear Excited States

12.10 Natural Radioactivity

 

13. Nuclear Reactions and Applications

13.1 Types of Nuclear Reactions

13.2 Radioisotope Production in Nuclear Reactions

13.3 Low-Energy Reaction Kinematics

13.4 Fission

13.5 Fusion

13.6 Nucleosynthesis

13.7 Applications of Nuclear Physics

 

14. Elementary Particles

14.1 The Four Basic Forces

14.2 The Particle Spectrum

14.3 Why High Energy?

14.4 Conservation Laws

14.5 Particle Interactions and Decays

14.6 Kinematics of Particle Decay

14.7 Kinematics of Scattering Processes

14.8 The Quark Structure of Mesons and Baryons

14.9 The Standard Model

 

15. Cosmology: The Origin and Fate of the Universe

15.1 The Expansion of the Universe

15.2 The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation

15.3 Dark Matter

15.4 The General Theory of Relativity

15.5 Tests of General Relativity

15.6 Stellar Evolution and Black Holes

15.7 Cosmology and General Relativity

15.8 The Big Bang Cosmology

15.9 The Formation of Nuclei and Atoms

15.10 Experimental Cosmology

 

Questions

Problems

 

Appendix A: Constants and Conversion Factors

Appendix B: Complex Numbers

Appendix C: Spherical Polar and Cylindrical Coordinate Systems

Appendix D: Periodic Table of the Elements

Appendix E: Table of Atomic Masses

Appendix F: Some Milestones in the History of Modern Physics

Appendix G: Suggestions for Further Reading

Index

 

 

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